Madinat al-Muslimeen Islamic Message Board
|The Means Of Developing Khushoo|
|11/19/00 at 04:10:52|
|[B]Varying the soorahs, aayaat, adhkaar and du'aa's recited in prayer[/B]|
This makes the worhsipper feel that he is encountering new meanings and moving between different topics mentioned in the aayaat and adhkaar. This is what a person missed out on if he only memorizes a few soorahs [especially the short ones] and adhkaar. Varying what one recites is the Sunnah and is more conducive to khushoo'.
If we study what the Prophet [sallallahu 3alayhi wa sallam] used to recite in his prayer, we will see this variation. For example, with regard to the opening du'aa', we find examples such as the following: [I]"Allahumma baa'id bayni wa bayna khataayaaya kamaa baa'adta bayn al-mashriqi wa'l-maghrib. Allahumma naqqani min khataayaaya kamaa yunaqqaa al-thawb al-abyad min al-danas. Allahumma'ghsilni min khataayaaya bi'l-maa' wa'l-thalj wa'l-barad[/I] [O Allah, separate me (far) from my sins as You have separated (far) the East from the West. O Allah, cleanse me of my sins as white cloth is cleansed from dirt. O Allah, wash me of my sins with water, snow and ice]."
[I]"Wajahtu wajhi lil'lladhi fatara al-samawaati wa'l-ard haneefan, wa maa ana min al-mushrikeen. Inna salaati wa nusuki wa mahyaaya wa mamaati Lillaahi Rabb il-'aalameen, laa shareeka lahu wa bidhaalika umirtu wa ana awwal al-muslimeen[/I] [I have set my face towards the Originator of the heavens and the earth sincerely and I am not among the mushrikeen. Indeed my prayer, my sacrifice, my living and my dying are for Allah, the Lord of the Worlds: no partner has He. With this I have been commanded, and I am the first of the Muslims (those who submit to Him)."
[I]Subhaanak Allahumma wa bi hamdika wa tabaaraka ismuka wa ta'aala jadduka wa laa ilaaha ghayruk[/I] [Glory and praise be to You, O Allah, blessed be Your name and exalted be Your majesty. There is no god besides You]."
Among the soorahs which the Prophet [sallallahu 3alayhi wa sallam] used to recite during Salaat al-Fajr we find a great and blessed number.
The longer mufassal soorahs [soorahs from the last seventh of the Qur'aan], such as al-Qaaqi'ah (56), al-Toor (52) and Qaaf (50), and shorter mufassal soorahs such as Idhaa-al shamsu kuwwirat (al-Takweer 81), al-Zalzalah (99), and al-Mi'wadhatayn (the last two soorahs).
It was reported that he recited al-Room (30), Yaa-Seen (36) and al-Saafffaat (37), and on Fridays he would recite al-Sajah (32) and al-Insaan (76, a.k.a. al-Dhahr) in Fajr prayer. It was reported that in Salaat al-Zuhr, he would recite the equivalent of thirty aayaat in each of the two rak'ahs, and that he recited al-Taariq (86), al-Burooj (85) and wa'l-layli idhaa yaghshaa (al-Layl, 92).
In Salaat al-'Asr, he would recite the equivalent of fifteen aayaat in each rak'ah, and he would recite the soorahs already mentioned in connection with Salaat al-Zuhr.
In Salaat al-Maghrib, he would recite short mufassal soorahs such as al-teeni wa'l-zaytoon (at-Teen 95), and he recited Soorat Muhammad (47), al-Toor (52), al-Mursalaat (77) and others.
In 'Ishaa' he would recite medium-length mufassal soorahs, such as al-shamsu wa duhaahaa (al-Shams, 91), idhaa'l-samaa'u inshaqqat (al-Inshiqaaw, 84). He told Mu'aadh to recite al-A'laa (87), al-Qalam (68) and al-layli idhaa yaghshaa (al-Layl, 92).
In qiyaam al-layl, he used to recite the long soorahs. It was reported that he [sallallahu 3alayhi wa sallam] used to recited 200 or 150 aayaat, and sometimes he used to shorten the recitation.
By Ismail Abu Muneer, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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