Madinat al-Muslimeen Islamic Message Board
|tafseer of Surat-ul Falaq|
|01/02/02 at 05:38:33|
Here is the tafseer of Surat-ul Falaq.
Tafseer Ibn Katheer
1. "Say: "I seek refuge with the Lord of the daybreak,"
Jabir says that Falaq means morning. The Qur'an itself says faliqu
al-iSbah (Cleaver of the daybreak) [6:96]. Ibn Abbas says that
Falaq means creation. Ka'b Al-Ahbar says that Falaq is a place in
the Hell. When its gate is opened all the inmates of Hell cry out
because of the intensity of its heat. Ibn Jarir and Imam Bukhari say
that it means morning and this view seems reasonable. Allah directs
believers to seek refuge in the Lord of the Falaq.
2. "From the evil of what He has created,
And to seek refuge from the evil of what He created. His creation
includes Hell, Iblis (Satan) and his offspring.
3. "And from the evil of the darkening as it comes with its
One should seek refuge from the evil of nightfall. According to Ibn
Zaid the Arabs called the setting of the star Pleiad as Ghasiq and
believed that after its setting and at its rising, disease increases
and spreads. Some commentators say that the word Ghasiq means moon.
They base their argument on a Hadith that the Prophet once held
the hand of 'Aisha and pointing to the moon, said, "Seek refuge
from the evil of this
Ghasiq." (Imam Ahmed). However, the rising of the moon and the
apearance of the stars are things that happen at night.
4. "And from the evil of those who practise witchcraft when they
blow in the knots,
5. "And from the evil of the enviers when he envies."
...'whitchcrafts when the blow in the knots' refers to sorceresses.
Mujahid says that such incantations are nearest to polytheisim as are
made to blow on a snake bite or magic stricken man. A Hadith says
that Gabriel came to the Prophet (sallallahu alayhiwasalam) and
said, "O Muhammad! Are you sick?" When the Prophet
(sallallahualahywasalam) said yes, he said, (the interpretation of
the meaning) "I invoke the Name of Allah against every disease that
pains you, against the evil of every envier and against any evil
eye. May Allah heal you." The disease referred to in this Hadith
was probably a magic spell. Allah healed His
Messenger (sallallahu alayhiwasalam) and repelled that magic.
Ahmad bin Hanbal reported that a Jew bewitched the Prophet
(sallallahu alayhi wasalam) and then he remained under its spell for
several days. Then Gabriel came to him and informed him that such
and such Jew had enchanted him and has hidden a knoted rope in such
and such well. He aske him to send somebody to get it. The Prophet
(sallallahu alayhi wasalam) sent someone to bring them back, untied
them, and the spell was broken. The Prophet (sallallahu alayhi
wasalam) never mentioned it to that Jew nor showed him any anger.
Bukhari reported a Hadith from Aisha (radhyallahu anha). She
narrated that when the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wasalam) was
bewitched under a magic spell, he thought that he came to his wives
while he had not done so. Once he said to me. "I asked my Lord and
He showed me. Two persons came and one sat near my head and the
other near my legs. The man sitting near my head asked the
other, 'What has happened to this man?' He said, 'He is under the
spell.' He asked, 'Who bewitched him?' He answered, 'Labid bin
a'sim from the Bani Zuraiq ribe. They are allies of the Jews.' The
man asked, 'What has charmed?' The other answered, 'The comb and the
hair.' He asked, 'Where are those things?' 'In the well of Dharwan,
under a rock.'" The Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wasalam) sent 'Ali
(radhy allahu anho) to the well and had the things dug out. I
(Aisha) suggested that the magician should be punished. The Prophet
(sallallahu alayhi wasalam) said, "Praise is for Allah. He healed
me. Now I do not like to incite people for me."
Individual posts do not necessarily reflect the views of Jannah.org, Islam, or all Muslims. All trademarks and copyrights on this page are owned by their respective owners. Comments are owned by the poster and may not be used without consent of the author.The rest © Jannah.Org