Madinat al-Muslimeen Islamic Message Board
|Mention of Angels in the Quran|
|01/20/02 at 13:34:45|
|As salaam u alaikum wrt,|
i need to give a presentation on angels in Islam on friday, and i need information on them from the Quran sunnah. i was wondering if you all could help me out with this insha'Allah.
|01/20/02 at 14:39:51|
|walikumas'salaam warahmatullah ;-D|
"And (mention, O Muhammad), when your Lord said to the angels, "Indeed, I will make upon the earth a successive authority." They said, "Will You place upon it one who causes corruption therein and sheds blood, while we declare Your praise and sanctify You?" He (Allah) said, "Indeed, I know that which you do not know." (2:30)
Narrated by Ibn Mas'ood who said: [i]"The Prophet (saw) said: "Hell will be pulled on the Day of Judgment with seventy-thousand ropes, each rope held by seventy-thousand angels."[/i] (Muslim)
(All) praise is (due) to Allah, Creator of the heavens and the earth, (who) made the angels messengers having wings, two or three or four. He increases in creation what He wills. Indeed, Allah is over all things competent. (35:1)
Those (angels) who carry the Throne and those around it exalt (Allah) with praise of their Lord and believe in Him and ask forgiveness for those who have believed, (saying), "Our Lord, You have encompassed all things in mercy and knowledge, so forgive those who have repented and followed Your way and protect them from the punishment of Hellfire. Our Lord, and admit them to gardens of perpetual residence which You have promised them and whoever was righteous among their fathers, their spouses and their offspring. Indeed, it is You who is the Exalted in Might, the Wise. And protect them from the evil consequences (of their deeds). And he whom You protect from evil consequences that Day - You will have given him mercy, and that is the great attainment." (40:7-9)
And to Allah prostrates whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth of creatures, and the angels, (as well), and they are not arrogant. (16:49)
When the two receivers (i.e., recording angels) receive, seated on the right and on the left. He, (i.e., man) does not utter any word except that with him is an observer prepared (to record). (50:17-18)
Narrated by Abu Hurairah (ra) who said: The Prophet (saw) said: [i]"When you hear the braying of a donkey, ask Allah to protect you from the devil, because it saw a devil. And when u hear a rooster, ask Allah to give you of His favors, because it saw an angel."[/i] (Bukhari & Muslim)
(Remember) when you said to the believers, "Is it not sufficient for you that your Lord should reinforce you with three thousand angels sent down? Yes, if you remain patient and conscious of Allah and they (i.e., the enemy) come upon you (attacking) in rage, your Lord, will reinforce you with five thousand angels having marks (of distinction)." (3:124:125)
Narrated Abu Hurairah (ra): The Prophet (saw) said: [i]"On every Friday the angels take their stand at every gate of the masjid to write the names of the people chronologically, and when the Imam sits, they fold up their scrolls and get ready to listen to the dikh'r."[/i] (Bukhari)
Indeed, those whom the angels take (in death) while wronging themselves (the angels) will say, "In what (condition) were you?" They will say, "We were oppressed in the land." They (the angels) will say, "Was not the earth of Allah spacious (enough for you to emigrate therein?" For those, their refuge is Hell - and evil it is as a destination. (4:97)
And if you could but see when the angels take the souls of those who disbelieved...They are striking their faces and their backs and (saying), "Taste the punishment of the Burning Fire. (8:50)
It almost burst with rage. Every time a company is thrown into it, its keepers ask them, "Did there not come to you a warner?" (67:8)
|Re: Mention of Angels in the Quran|
|01/20/02 at 16:30:27|
|Heres some stuff from the book World of Angels. Its very long and I have tried to split it for easier reading. If you want more, just ask:)|
Jibril, Mika'il- and Israfil
The angels are the greatest of all the hosts of Allah - glory be to Him and may He be exalted! They include the [i]angel who is entrusted with the revelation from Allah Almighty to His Messengers. He is the Faithful Spirit, Jibril[/i], peace be upon him. The Almighty says:"The Faithful Spirit brought it down upon your heart for you to be one of the Warners in a clear Arabic tongue." (26:193-195)
They include the [i]angel entrusted with the rain and dispensing it wherever Allah, the Almighty and Majestic, commands him to. He is Mika'il[/i], peace be upon him. He possesses a high position, a lofty station and great honour with his Lord, the Almighty and Majestic. He has helpers who do everything he orders them to by the command of his Lord. They make the winds and clouds move as Allah, the Almighty and Majestic, wishes. It says in the hadith of Ibn 'Abbas in at-Tabarani that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to Jibril:"What is Mika'il in charge or" He replied, "The plants and the rain." Imam Ahmad transmitted in his Musnad from Anas b. Malik, may Allah be pleased with him, that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to Jibril, peace be upon him: "Why do I never see Mika'it laugh?" He replied"Mika'il has not laughed since the Fire was created."
They include the [i]angel entrusted with the Trumpet. He is Israfil[/i], peace be upon him. He will blow three blasts on it at the command of His Lord, the Almighty and Majestic. The first is the Blast of Terror, the second the Blast of Swooning, and the third the Blast of the Rising for the Lord of heaven and earth. Imam Ahmad and at-Tirmidhi transmitted that Abu Sa'id al-Khudri said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said:"How can I enjoy myself when the one with the Trumpet has raised the Trumpet to his mouth, knitted his brow and is waiting to blow." They said, "What should we say, Messenger of Allah?" He said, "Say: Allah is enough for us and the best Guardian. We have put our trust in Allah."
These noble three - Jibril, Mika'il and Israfil - are the leaders of the angels.
Angel of Death
Another of the angels is entrusted with the taking of the souls.He is the Angel of Death and his helpers. Some reports call him Azra'il. Allah Almighty says:"Say: 'The Angel of Death will take you back,who hasbeen given charge of you. Then you will be returned unto your Lord.." (32:1 1) The Almighty says about the hypocrites:"How will it be when the angels take them, beating their faces and their backs." (47:27)
And He says about the believer:"Those the anqels take in a good and Wholesome state. They say,"Peace be upon you !Enter the garden on account of the things you were doing .'" (16:32)It has come in sound haditlis that the helpers of this angel come to the dying person according to his actions. If he is a good-doer, then they have the best appearance and most beautiful form and bring the greatest good news. If he is evil, then they take on the ugliest appearance and most atrocious aspect and bear the harshest threat. Then they draw out the soul until it rea hes the dying person's throat where the Angel of Death takes it. They do not leave it in his hands, but wrap it in shrouds and the appropriate perfume. As the mighty says- "Why, but when the soul leaps to the throat of the dying man and that you are watching. And We are nearer to him than you, but you do not see Us. Why, if you are not at Our disposal, do you not bring back his soul, if you speak the truth '? Then, if he be one of those brought nigh the Throne, there shall be repose and ease, and a Garden of Delight. And if he be a Companion of the Right, 'Peace be upon you, Companion of the Right!' And if he be of them that cried lies and went astray, there shall be a hospitality of boiling water and the roasting of the Blaze. Surely this is the truth of certainty. Then magnify the Name ofyour Lord, the All -mighty." (56:83-96)
Another type of angel are those entrusted with guarding each person both at home and while travelling, in his sleep and when awake, and in all his states. They are those who take over from one another. Allah Almighty says:"It makes no difference whether you keep secret what you say or voice it out loud, whether you hide in the night or go out in the day. Each has a succession of angels in front and behind, keeping him -safe by Allah's command."(13:10-11)The Almighty says:"He is the Absolute Master over His slaves. He sends angels to watch over you." (6:61)
lbn 'Abbas said about the first ayat, "Each has a succession of angels in front and behind, keeping him safe by Allah's command" that 'the succession of angels' from Allah refer to the angels who protect him in front and behind. When Allah's decree comes, they ,leave him. Mujahid said, "There is no one who does not have an angel who is entrusted with protecting him both when asleep and when awake, from jinn and men and reptiles. None of them comes to him without finding an angel blocking its way except for something which Allah has given permission to reach him."
The Recording Angels
They also include the angels entrusted with preserving the record of each person's good and evil actions. These are the noble scribes and are included in the words of the Almighty:"He sends angels to watch over you." The Almighty also says:"Or do they reckon that We do not hear their secrets and private conversation? Indeed, Our messengers are with them writing it down." (43:80)And He says:"When the two angels meet together, sitting one on the right, and one on the left, not a word he utters, but by him is an observer ready at hand." (50:17)The one on his right is the one who writes down good actions, and the one on his left is the one who writes down evil actions. The Almighty further says: "Yet there are over you noble watchers, writers who know whatever you do." (82:11)
Ibn Abi Hatim transmits with his isnad from Mujahid that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,said:Honour the noble scribes who only leave you at twotimes: in janaba and when you relieve yourselves. When one of you has a ghusl, he should screen himself with a wall or his camel, or his brother should screen him."
Sufyan was asked, "How do the angels know that a person intends a good or evil action?" He replied, "When someone intends a good action, they smell the scent of musk coming from him, and when he intends an evil action, they smell a putrid smell coming from him. Al-Bukhari transmitted with his isnad from Abu Hurayra, may Allah be pleased with him, that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said:"Allah, the Mighty and Majestic, has said, 'When My slave wants to do an evil action, you should not write it down until he does it. If he does it, then write down the equivalent of it. If he does not do it for My sake, then write it down as a good action for him. If he wants to do a good action and does not do it" then write it down as a good action. If he does do it, then write down ten to seven hundred of its like."
Ibn Hajar said in al-Fath, "This hadith indicates that the angel is aware of what is in the heart of the human being, either by Allah acquainting him with it or by creating for him knowledge by which he perceives it." Al-Hasan al-Basri said about the ayat:"When the two angels meet together, sitting one on the right, and one on the left, not a word he utters, but by him is an observer ready at hand." (50:17)"O son of Adam! A scroll has been unfurled for you and two noble angels have been entrusted with you, one on your right and the other on your left. The one on your right records your good actions. The one on your left records your evil actions. So do what you wish, whether it is a little or a lot. Then, when you die, your scroll will be rolled up and placed by your neck with you in your grave until you emerge on the Day of Rising. Then Allah Almighty will say:'We have fastened the destiny of every man about his neck and on the Day of Rising We will extract a book for him which he will find spread open in front of him. "Read your book! Today your own self is reckoner enough against you!" (17:13-14) Then he said, "It is just, by Allah. In you is the one who makes you your own reckoner."
Al-Bukhari transmitted with his isnad from Abu Hurayra, may Allah be pleased with him, that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said:"The angels of the night and the angels of the day take turns in attending you and they meet at the 'Asr prayer and the Fajr prayer. Then those who spent the night with you ascend and He questions them, although He knows better than them. He says, 'How did you leave My slaves?' They say, 'We left them while they were praying and we came to them while they were praying."'He also transmitted from Abu Musa, may Allah be pleased with him, who said:"The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stood up in our midst and made four statements. He said, 'Allah does not sleep and it is not proper for Him to sleep; He lessens and increases what is allofted to you; the actions of the night are presented to Him before the actions of the day; and the actions of the day are presented to Him before the actions of the night."
Munkar and Nakir
Among the angels are also those who are in charge of the trial of the grave. They are called Munkar and Nakir. Al-Bukhari, may Allah have mercy on him, transmitted from Anas, may Allah bepleased with him, that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said:"When someone is placed in his grave, and his companions turn and'go, and he can still hear the tread of their sandals, two angels come to him and make him sit up and say to him, 'What do you say about this man, Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace?' He will say, 'I testify that he is the slave of Allah and His Messenger.' It will be said, 'Look at your place in the Fire. Allah has given you, in exchange for it, a place in the Garden."' The Prophet said, "He will see both places." "The unbeliever or the hypocrite will say, 'I do not know. I used to say what everyone else said.' He will be told, 'You neither understood nor followed the guidance.' Then he will be hit between the ears with an iron hammer and will cry out with a cry which is heard by everything near him except men and jinn."
Muslim reported something similar to it from Qatada and he added in it that Qatada said, "He mentioned to us that the believer's grave will be expanded to about seventy cubits for him, and it will be filled with greenery until the day they are brought back to life." Muslim transmitted from 'Abdullah b. 'Abbas that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to teach them this supplication in the same way that he used to teach them a sura of Qur'an. He would say: "O Allah, I seek refuge with You from the punisinnent of Jahannam and I seek refuge with You from the punishment of the grave. I seek refuge with You from the trial of the Masih ad-Dajjal and I seek refuge with You from the trials of life and death."
Custodians of the Garden and the Fire
There are other angels who are the custodians of the Garden. Their overseer is called Ridwan, peace be upon him. Allah Almighty says: "And those who were fearj'ul of their Lord will be driven to the Garden in companies and then, when they arrive there finding its gates open, its custodians will say to them, 'Peace be upon you! You have done well so enter it timelesslyforever."' (39:71)
Ibn Kathir said, "The custodian of the Garden is an angel called Ridwan. This is explicitly stated in some hadiths."There are also angels whose task is to give good news to the believers both at the time of their death and on the Day of Rising, as the Almighty says: "Those who say, 'Our Lord is Allah,' and then go straight, the angels descend on them, 'Feel no fear and do not be sad but rejoice in the Garden which you were promised. We are your protectors in the life of this world and in the Next World. You will have there all your selves could wish for. You will.have there all that you demand. Hospitality from One who is forgiving, most merciful."' (41:30-32) Ibn Abi Hatim said in his isnad from Ja'far ibn Sulayman who said that he heard Thabit recite Surat Fussilat until he reached, "Those who say, 'Our Lord is Allah,' and then go straight, the angels descend on them." Then he stopped and said, "It has reached us that when Allah Almighty raises the believing slave from his grave, he will be met by the two angels who were with him in this world. They will say to him, 'Feel no fear and do not be sad but rejoice in the Garden which you were promised." He said, "Allah will give him security from his fear and delight his eye. None of the terrible things which people fear on the Day of Rising will be anything other than a delight for a believer due to the fact that Allah Almighty guided him, and on account of what he used to do for Him in this world."
They also include the custodians of Jahannam. We seek refuge with Allah from them! Its overseer is Malik, peace be upon him and them. The Almighty says about the people of the Fire-. "They will call out, 'O Malik, let your Lord finish us off!' He will say, 'You will remain."' (43:77) The Almighty says: "Those who are in the Fire will say to the custodians Of Jahannam, 'Call on your Lord to make lighter for us one day of the punishment. They will say, 'Did your-Messengers not bring you the Clear Signs?' They will say, 'Yes.' They will say, 'Then you call!' But the calling of those who reject only goes astray." (40:49-50) The Almighty says: 'IO you who believe, safeguard yourselves and your families against a Fit-e whose fuel is men and stones, and over vi,hi(-h at-e harsh, terrible angels who do not disobey Allah in anything He commands them and do what they are (-ommanded." (66:6) The Almighty says: "What will teach vou what is Saqar? It spares not, nor does it Cease to scorch the flesh. Over it are nineteen. We have not appointed any but angels to be masters of the Fire, and We have appointed their number only as a trial for the unbelievers. " (74:27-3 1) It is said that the leaders of the custodians of Jahannam are nineteen angels and that their overseer is Malik, peace be upon him.We find in the Sahih of Muslim, "On the Day of Rising, ,Jahannam will be drawn up by 70,C-00 thongs, and on each thong there will be 70,000 angels."
Angels entrusted with the sperm in the womb
There are also the angels entrusted with dealing with the sperm in the womb. From 'Abdullah b. Mas'ud, may Allah be pleased with him, who said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, whose truthfulness is confirmed, said: 'The way that each of you is created is that you are gathered in your mother's womb for forty days as a spermdrop and then for a similar length of time as a blood-clot and then for a similar length of time as a lump of flesh. Then an angel is sent and he breathes the spirit into ycu and is charged with four commands: to write down your provision, your life-span, your actions, and whether you will be wretched or happy."
Al-Bukhari and Muslim both reported this, and the two of them also transmitted from Anas b. Malik, may Allah be pleased with him, that he said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said: "Allah has put an angel in charge of the womb. He says, 'O Lord, a drop? 0 Lord, a clot? 0 Lord, a morsel?' When Allah desires to complete the creation of the foetus, he says, 'O Lord, male or female? Wretched or happy? How much provision? How long a lifespan?' and he writes that for him in his mother's womb." It is also related that these scribes write this between the eyes of the foetus. In the isnad of al-Bazzar from Ibn 'Umar, may Allah be pleased with both him and his father, is that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said: "When Allah creates a living soul, the angel of the wombs says, 'O Lord, male or female?"' He said, "Allah decides it for him. Then he says, 'O Lord, wretched or happy?' And Allah decides it for him. Then he writes between his eyes all he will encounter until his end overtakes him."
The Bearer of the Throne
Also included are the Bearers of the Throne. Allah Almighty says: "Upon that day eight shall bear above them the Throne of your Lord." (69:17) Ibn 'Abbas said that it means eight rows of angels.From Jabir ibn 'Abdullah, may Allah be pleased with both him and his father, is that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said: "I was given permission to report about one of the angels of Allah Almighty among the Throne-bearers that between his ear-lobe and his neck is the distance of seven hundred years."
They include another category called the Karubiyyun. They arethe chiefs of the angels who are brought near and are the closestangels to the Throne-bearers. The word "karubiyyun" comes from the root of "karb" which means sorrow, and they are called this on account of the intensity of their fear of Allah Almighty and their awe of Him. It is also said that the word is derived from the expression "kurb" meaning nearness or strength in which case the narfie is due to their strength and steadfastness in worship.
Angel of the Mountains
Another one is the angel entrusted with the mountains. He is mentioned in the hadith when the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went out at night to visit the Banu 'Abd and returned from them. That ha&th contains the statement of Jibril to him: "Allah has heard what your people said to you and the reply they gave you. He has sent the Angel of the mountains with me so that you can command him as you wish. If you wish, he will crush your people by causing the mountains to fall on top of them, or if you wish, he will make the earth swallow them up." The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Give them more time. Hopefully Allah will bring forth from their loins people who will worship Allah without associating anyone else with Him."
Angels of the Ranks
They include the angels of the ranks who do not slacken in worship, those who stand and do not bow, those who bow, and those who prostrate and do not come up from their prostration. And there are others who are different from any of these: "None knows the hosts of your Lord except Him. It isnothing but a reminder to all human beings." (74:3 1) lmwn Ahmad Teports in his Musnad, as does at-Tirmidhi, from Abu Dharr, may Allah be pleased with him, that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said: "I see what you do not see and I hear what you do not hear. The heaven groans and it has a right to groan. There is no place in it the size of four fingers which does not have an angel prostrating in it. If you knew what I knew, you would laugh little and weep much and not enjoy women in your beds and you would go out to the hill crying out to Allah, the Mighty and Majestic." The meaning of "the heaven groans" is that it makes the sound of the creaking of a saddle which is placed on the camel's back, i.e. due to the great number of the angels in it, which weighs it down so that it groans.
Angels of dhikr
Yet another type are the travelling angels who seek gatherings of dhikr. It is related that Abu Hurayra, may Allah be pleased with him, said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said: "Allah Almighty has angels who roam about seeking the people of dhikr. When they find a group doing dhikr of Allah, they call to one another, 'Come to that which you have been seeking!' And they beat their wings and fly up to the nearest heaven. Then their Lord questions them and He knows better - 'What do My slaves say?' They say, 'They glorify and proclaim You great, praise you and magnify You.' Then He says, 'Have they seen Me?' Then they say, 'No, by Allah, they have not seen You.' Then He says, 'And how would it be if they did see Me?' They say, 'If they did see You, they would be even stronger in worshipping You, stronger in glorifying You, and stronger in magnifying You.' He says, 'And what do they ask of Me?' They say, 'They ask You for the Garden.' He says, 'And have they seen it?' They say, 'No, by Allah, they have not seen it.' He says, 'Then how would it be if they had seen it?' They say, 'If they had seen it, they would be all the stronger in their striving for it, stronger in their seeking it, and stronger in their desire for it.' He says, 'Then from what do they seek deliverance?' They say, 'From the Fire.' He says, 'Then how would it be if they saw it?' They say, 'If they saw it, they would be the stronger in their flight from it and stronger in their fear of it.' He says, 'I call you to witness that I have forgiven them.' One of the angels says, 'Among them is so-and-so, and he is not one of them. He has only come for something which he needs.' He said, 'They are companions of whom it can be said that no one who is their companion will be wretched."
Al-Bukhari and Muslim Ibn Hajar said in the Fath al-Bat-i, "This hadith shows the excellence of gatherings of dhikr- and those who do dhikr-, and the excellence of people gathering together for that reason, as well as the fact that anyone who sits with them is included along with them in all that Allah Almighty bestows on them to honour them, even if he does not participate with them in the dhiki- itself. It also shows the love and concern of the angels for the tribe of Adam. It also contains the fact that the questioner comes to the One who asks even though He has better knowledge of the one He asks about than the one who is asked. This is in order to show His concem for those He asks about, to praise their ability and to proclaim the nobility of their station."It is said that another of the features of Allah's asking the angels about the people of dhik- is to call attention to what they said when they said, 'Why place on it one who will corrupt it and shed blood when we glorify Your praise and call You holy? "' (2:30) So it is as if He were saying to them, 'Look at the glorification and proclamation of Your holiness that comes from them in spite of the appetites and the whisperings of Shaytan which overpower them. See how they deal with that and yet resemble you in respect of -glorification and holy praise.'
"It is said that also taken from this hadith is that the dhikr- of the tribe of Adam is more sublime and nobler than that of the angels since those descended from Adam manage to do dhikr- in spite of the many preoccupations they have and the transactions they are involved in, while none of that is the case where the angels are concerned."
Angels of Visions
There are also angels connected with visions. Al-Bukhari transmitted that 'Nisha, may Allah be pleased with her, said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said: "I saw you twice in a dream before I married you. I saw an angel carrying you wrapped in a piece of silk and I said, 'Unwrap it!' and it was unwrapped and there you were. I said, 'If this is from Allah, it will come about."' Ibn Hajar said, "Al-Qurtubi transmitted in al-Muffiam from one of the people of knowledge that Allah Almighty has an angel who presents the things seen in the sleeper's domain of perception and gives them a sensory form, so that sometimes they are likenesses which correspond to already existing forms, and sometimes they are examples of intelligible meanings. In both cases there is either good news or warning."
Al-Hakim at-Tirmidhi said, "Allah has entrusted an angel with the business of visions. He learns the states of the tribe of Adam from the Preserved Tablet, and then he copies from it and coins a likeness -of each according to a particular archetype. When a person sleeps, he gives form to those things for him with wisdom so that it will be good news or warning or rebuke for him.
The Adamic creature is overpowered by Shaytan due to the intense enmity which exists between him and Shaytan, and so he tricks him in every possible way and wants to corrupt his affair in every possible way. Therefore he muddles up his dreams, either by putting error into them or by making him forget them."Ibn Hajar said, "All dreams fall into two categories. The first are true dreams, which are the dreams of the Prophets and those of the righteous who follow them. They occur to others in rare cases. This is the type of dream when what happens in it corresponds to what happens in the waking state.
The second consists of muddled dreams which are dreams which do not warn about anything. There are different types of these.One is the playing-about of Shaytan so that the dream is troubling. For instance someone might see his head cut off and himself chasing it or dream that he falls into a state of terror and has no one to rescue him from it and other such-like things. Another is when someone sees one of the.angels commanding him to do something hat-am, for instance. Dreams like this present logical impossibilities.
A third is when someone sees the same sort of things his self says to him when he is awake or that he desires something and sees it when he is asleep, like when he dreams of something which normally occurs in the waking state or of something that dominates his nature. This kind of dream occurs mostly about the future, sometimes about the present and only rarely about the past."
|Re: Mention of Angels in the Quran|
|01/21/02 at 13:21:13|
|jazakullahu khairun for your replies, they really will help me out.|
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