Madinat al-Muslimeen Islamic Message Board
|The 10 Companions of the Prophet Promised Paradise|
|02/05/02 at 17:21:05|
|Assalaamu 'alaikum wa rahmatullah (the following posts will include short stories of the 10 companions the Prophet, saws, promised would be rewarded Paradise).|
The Ten Who Were Given Glad Tidings of Paradise
Dr. `Umar Al-Ashqar
Paradise and Hell in the Light of the Qur'an and Sunnah
© 1999 IIPH
The Messenger, sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam, clearly stated that ten of his Companions would be in Paradise. Ahmad reports from Sa`id ibn Zayd, and Tirmidhi reports from `Abdul-Rahman ibn `Awf, that the Prophet, sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam, said:
"Abu Bakr will be in Paradise, `Umar will be in Paradise, `Uthman will be in Paradise, `Ali will be in Paradise, Talhah will be in Paradise, Al-Zubayr will be in Paradise, `Abdul-Rahman ibn `Awf will be in Paradise, Sa`d ibn Abi Waqqas will be in Paradise, Sa`id ibn Zayd will be in Paradise and Abu `Ubaydah ibn al-Jarrah will be in Paradise." Its isnad is sahih. [Sahih al-Jami` as-Saghir, 1/70, no. 50]
Imam Ahmad, Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah and Al-Diya' reported a slightly different version from Sa`id ibn Zayd:
"Ten will be in Paradise: the Prophet will be in Paradise, Abu Bakr will be in Paradise, `Umar will be in Paradise, `Uthman will be in Paradise, `Ali will be in Paradise, Talhah will be in Paradise, al-Zubayr ibn al-`Awwam will be in Paradise, Sa`d ibn Malik will be in Paradise, `Abdul-Rahman ibn `Awf will be in Paradise and Sa`id ibn Zayd will be in Paradise. Its isnad is sahih. [Sahih al-Jami` as-Saghir, 4/34, no. 3905]
The books of the Sunnah tell us that one day the Prophet, sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam, was sitting at the well of `Ariis, with Abu Musa al-Ash`ari acting as his gatekeeper. Abu Bakr al-Siddiq came and asked permission to see him, and the Messenger, sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam, said, "Let him in, and give him the glad tidings of Paradise." Then `Umar came, and he said, "Let him in and give him the glad tidings of Paradise." Then `Uthman came and he said, "Let him in, and give him the glad tidings of Paradise because of an affliction that will befall him." [Reported by Al-Bukhari, Muslim and Tirmidhi. See Jami al-Usul, 8/562, no. 6372. The hadith is lengthy, so we have shortened it here and quoted only that which is relevant to the current discussion.]
Ibn `Asakir reported with a sahih isnad from Ibn Mas`ud that the Prophet, sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam, said: "My successor will be in Paradise, his successor will be in Paradise, and the third and fourth will be in Paradise." [Sahih al-Jami` as-Saghir, 4/149, no. 4311.] The "successor" refers to the one who would take over the reins of leadership after his death. These four are Abu Bakr, `Umar, `Uthman and `Ali, may Allah be pleased with them all.
Tirmidhi and al-Hakim reported with a sahih isnad from `A'ishah, radhiallahu `anha, that the Messenger, sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam, said to Abu Bakr: "You are free from the Fire." [Sahih al-Jami` as-Saghir, 2/24, no. 1494]
|When I grow up I wanna be like Abu Bakr|
|02/05/02 at 17:31:32|
|Assalaamu 'alaikum, as mentioned, the next few posts will include short stories of the ten companions promised Paradise, may Allah be please with them, starting with Abu Bakr, iA. According to a lesser known story, towards the end of his life, Abu Bakr used to keep pebbles in his mouth to prevent him from speaking. Umar ibn al-Khattab visited Abu Bakr and found him pulling his tongue with his fingers. Umar said "Stop! may Allah forgive you!" Abu Bakr replied; "This tongue has brought me to dangerous places." (Malik). Abu Hurairah also related that the Messenger of Allah (saws) said, "The servant speaks words, the consequences of which he does not realise, and for which he is sent down into the depths of the Fire further than the distance between the east and the west."|
The following segment is from a khutbah given by Muhammad AlShareef entitled, "When I grow up I wanna be like Abu Bakr."
[Read the rest here: http://www.islamic-paths.org/Home/English/Discover/Sermons/Wanna_Be_Bakr.htm]
...When the Prophet - Sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam - received the first
revealations, the first man he approached was his best friend: Abu
Bakr. When Abu Bakr - Radi Allahu Anhu - heard that Muhammad had
been chosen as a Prophet, he immediately announced, "I've never
tasted a lie from you. I testify that there is no god but Allah, and
you are the Messenger of Allah." Rasul Allah later said,
"There is no one that I have spoken to about Islam that did not debate the
issue with me except Abu Bakr."
With the few verses that he knew, Abu Bakr - Radi Allahu Anhu - set
off to invite to this Deen of Al-Islam. Soon, he was escorting by
the hand the likes of Uthmaan, Az-Zubayr, AbdArRahmaan ibn `Owf,
Sa'd, Abu `Ubaidah, and Talha – six of the ten people who
were promised Jannah during their time on earth. And on the day of
resurrection they shall all be written in the book of Abu Bakr's
In the early days of Islam, Abu Bakr - Radi Allahu Anhu - would walk
around the markets and homes observing all the Muslim slaves that
were being tortured. He would watch as Umayyah dragged Bilal out to
the grilling desert at noon time – the hottest moments of the day.
Umayyah would press Bilal to the scalding ground and place a boulder
on top of his chest to increase the torture. Bilal would say nothing
but, "Ahad, Ahad – One, only One". Abu Bakr would watch
and whisper to Bilal, "YunJeeka AlWaahidul Ahad – The One (Allah) shall
Abu Bakr went to Umayyah and requested that he sell him Bilal for 5
uwqiyyah of gold. Umayyah was astonished at that amount and hurriedly
agreed. "Take Bilal there is no good in him". After the deal was
done, Umayyah snickered, "Had you refused to pay more than 1
uwqiyyah I still would have sold him to you." And Abu Bakr announced,
"And had you refused to sell him for no less than 100 uwqiyyah I still
would have bought him!"
More references on Abu Bakr's life:
|'Umar-al-Farooq, the 2nd Caliph|
|02/05/02 at 17:30:30|
|Assalaamu 'alaikum |
You may know of ‘Umar (rA) as the one with the dramatic conversion to Islam (read about it in the links below), or the one whom Allah (swt) "agreed with", or the one who shaytaan would avoid ("Never does shaytaan find you going one way, but he takes another way other than yours"). But did you know:
-In the early stages of his coming into Islam, he would often ask the Prophet "Ya RasulAllah, allow me to chop his head off" when an imprudent person asked a foolish question or did something not exactly like the Prophet did? (of course, the Prophet, saws, would say "leave him" and explain whether the imprudent person was justified or not)
-He used to try to get Hudhayfah (rA, the one whom the Prophet would tell secrets to, knowing he wouldn’t tell anyone) to disclose to him who was a hypocrite among his governors so he could dispel him when he was Caliph? At one point, Umar was so worried that he could be one of the hypocrites that he grabbed Hudhayfah by the shirt and yelled, "Do you see in me what you see in them?!"
-Once, the Prophet (saws), Abu Bakr, Umar and Uthmaan had to climb the mountain of Uhud and it shook in reverence. The Prophet (saws) tried to assuage it by saying: "Be firm, O Uhud, for upon you are no more than a Prophet, a siddiq and two martyrs."
-Umar was thinking of his jahiliyyah/ignorant days once and started laughing and then crying. ‘Umar was asked what made him laugh and cry. He said he laughed at his ignorant days when he once had to make his own idol out of dates, then ate it out of hunger. He cried thinking of his ignorant days when he buried his own baby daughter alive (pre-Islamic pagan custom), while she held onto his finger.
-He was so afraid of his responsibility as Caliph in front of Allah, that he would dress, eat and have only what some of his poorest constituents had, often going unrecognized in crowds?
Some parts of an article from http://www.islamzine.com/stories/omar.html
Omar was Caliph for ten and a half years. This period stands out as the golden age of Islam. The tender plant which the Holy Prophet left behind and Abu Bakr had protected against storms grew into a huge overspreading tree under Omar's untiring care. Islam became a world power. It could now stand the wear and tear ot time. The thing for which the Holy Prophet had prayed years before was now a fact. Omar had made Islam strong and great! Thereby he had also made his own name immortal.
Omar's amazing success was due to two things - his fear of Allah and his love for the Prophet. In all his dealings he never forgot for a second that he was answerable to Allah. He strictly followed the example set by the Prophet. These two things made him at once the most powerful ruler and the most selfless man of his time. He used all his power for the greater glory of Allah and His Prophet.
Omar's armies overthrew two mighty empires of the time. But he himself led an extremely simple and hard life. Hurmuzan, the ruler of Ahwaz, came up for an interview with the Caliph of Medina. He was dressed in shining silks and was wearing a crown set with jewels. But he was stunned to see the Caliph in coarse, patched clothes.
Besides the small monthly allowance that he was allowed, Omar would not spend a penny from the public funds on himself or his family.
He had diplomatic relations with other rulers. Once his wife asked the envoy to Byzantium to take for the Emperor's wife her gift of a phial of scent. In return the Empress went he a necklace of pearls. Omar came to know of this and gave the necklace to the Public treasury. "The envoy travelled at public expense," he told his wife.
At night the Caliph would burn oil from the Bait-ul-Mal (Public Treasury) only as long as he went through official papers. After that he put out the lamp, even though there was no other light in the house.
Omar personally looked into the smallest affairs of the people. He worked like a laboror all day. At night, he went around the city to find out for himself how people lived and felt. He was ever ready to help those who needed his help. He would carry supplies on his shoulders and deliver them at the homes of the poor. Nothing could stop Omar from doing his duty to the people.
All citizens, including the Caliph himself, were equal before the law. Once Omar appeared before the court of Medina. Somebody had made a complaint against him. The judge stood up to show respect to the Caliph as he entered the court. "This is the first injustice you have done to the plantiff," said Omar, addressing the judge. Modern democratic states have yet to reach this level of democracy. Their heads cannot be summoned before an ordinary court.
The greatest desire of Omar was to see the blessings of Islam flow in full measure to all people, in all countries under him. He himself could be approached by anybody. Even the humblest of men could stop him in the street. He could ask the Caliph why he had done a particular thing. A poor woman could speak back to him. She could point out to him any of his mistakes. With all his power and piet, he never considered himself above mistakes. He welcomed the opinions of those who differed with him. In fact he used to say, "Allah's mercy be on those who bring me the knowledge of my shortcomings."
Omar wanted his deputies to be as democratic as he himself was. He dreaded very much the anti-democratic traditions of Iran and Byzantium. He was afraid lest these traditions should encrust the free spirit of Islam. So his governors had strict orders not to cut themselves off from the people. They had orders to eat simple food and wear simple dress. They were forbidden to build porches in front of their houses. They were forbidden to have door-keepers. Omar insisted that the rulers should be one with the people. He insisted that they should mix freely with the people. He wanted them to be at the call of every man and woman who lived under their rule. To make sure of this, Omar kept himself in close touch with the day-to-day doings of his officers. Trusted observers went round in the vast empire of Islam and sent reports to the Caliph.
Once Omar came to know that one of his governors had cut himself off from the people. At once he was called to Medina. The Calpih made him take off his silk robes. The he sent the fellow into the desert to tend a herd of sheep. No rank was too high to sway Omar's hand of justice.
Omar had a huge empire to manage. He proved more then equal to the task. He was called upon to look after huge military campaigns, going on at one and the same time, in the east and the west. He met this challenge with amazing success. History was nothing to put beside this achievement. Next he was called upon to bring peace and order to his vast empire. Here again his success was unequalled. The freedom, justice and security which he gave to his people were unknown in any other part of the world. In short, Omar made himself the fountain-head from which flowed the undiluted blessings by the Holy Prophet for manking.
More sites to learn about Umar's life:
|'Uthman, the Prophet's son-in-law|
|02/05/02 at 17:33:55|
The third of the four righteous Caliphs is 'Uthman ibn Affan (rA), who was known as
-Dhun-Nurayn (Possessor of Two Lights) - He married Ruqayya, then after her death, Umm Khulthum. Both were daughters of the Prophet, saws.
-Generous - The Prophet (saws) once said of him, "Nothing shall harm 'Uthman after this day" after 'Uthman gave up most of his wealth to equip the Muslim soldiers during a battle in which they were the most out-numbered.
-Extremely modest - The Prophet (saws) also said about him, "Should I not be bashful in front of a man whom even the angels are bashful in front of?"
`Uthman was extremely wealthy and generous. When he heard the Prophet say: "Whoever equips the army of al-`Usra, Paradise is for him," he brought the Prophet a thousand gold dinars which he poured into his lap. The Prophet picked them up with his hand and said repeatedly: "Nothing shall harm `Uthman after what he did today." It is also narrated that equipped the army of al-`Usra with seven hundred ounces of gold, or seven hundred and fifty camels and fifty horses.
The Prophet said: "The most compassionate of my Community towards my Community is Abu Bakr; the staunchest in Allah’s Religion is `Umar; and the most truthful in his modesty is `Uthman." The pebbles were heard by Abu Dharr glorifying Allah in the hands of the Prophet, Abu Bakr, `Umar, and `Uthman. The Prophet particularly praised `Uthman for his modesty and said: "Shall I not feel bashful before a man when even the angels feel bashful before him?"
He was humble and was seen at the time of his caliphate sleeping alone in the mosque, wrapped in a blanket with no one around him, and riding on a mule with his son Na’il behind him.
It is related through several sound chains that `Uthman recited the Qur’an in a single rak`a. Ibrahim ibn Rustum al-Marwazi said: "Four are the Imams that recited the entire Qur’an in a single rak`a: `Uthman ibn `Affan, Tamim al-Dari, Sa`id ibn Jubayr, and Abu Hanifa." Ibn al-Mubarak also narrated that `Uthman used to fast all year round. `Ali ibn Abi Talib said: "`Uthman was one of those who were ‘mindful of their duty and [did] good works, and again [were] mindful of [their] duty, and [believed], and once again [were] mindful of their duty, and did right. Allah loves those who do good.’ (5:93)" Ibn `Umar said that `Uthman was meant by the verse "Is he who pays adoration in the watches of the night, prostrate and standing, bewaring of the Hereafter and hoping for the mercy of his Lord. . ." (39:9).
His servant Hani’ narrated: "Whenever `Uthman stood before a grave he wept until his beard was wet. He was asked: ‘You have seen battle and death without a tear, and you cry for this?’ He said: ‘The grave is the first abode of the hereafter. Whoever is saved from it, what follows is easier; whoever is not saved from it, what follows is harder. The Prophet said: "I have not seen anything more frightful than the punishment in the grave."’" `Uthman also related from the Prophet that whenever the latter finished burying someone, he would stand by the grave and say: "All of you, ask Allah to forgive your brother and make him steadfast, for he is now being questioned."
[Read the rest here: http://islamicweb.com/history/caliphs_imams.htm#uthman]
|Re: The 10 Companions of the Prophet Promised Paradise|
|02/05/02 at 23:03:26|
Jazakallahu khair for the inspiring articles.
Wasn't Khatija and Rumaysah(Umm Sulaym), may Allah be pleased with them, also promised paradise ?
|Re: The 10 Companions of the Prophet Promised Paradise|
|02/06/02 at 12:48:38|
|Assalaamu 'alaikum wa rahmatullah|
Yes, as was Bilal (rA) and others. These ten are from a specific hadith in which the Prophet (saws) stated:
"Abu Bakr will be in Paradise, `Umar will be in Paradise, `Uthman will be in Paradise, `Ali will be in Paradise, Talhah will be in Paradise, Al-Zubayr will be in Paradise, `Abdul-Rahman ibn `Awf will be in Paradise, Sa`d ibn Abi Waqqas will be in Paradise, Sa`id ibn Zayd will be in Paradise and Abu `Ubaydah ibn al-Jarrah will be in Paradise." [Sahih al-Jami` as-Saghir, 1/70, no. 50]
wAllahu'alim. May not get a chance this week, but will continue with the rest, insha'Allah.
|'Ali, best in judgement|
|02/12/02 at 00:05:30|
|Assalaamu 'alaikum wa rahmatullah|
The fourth of the righteous caliphs was 'Ali ibn Abi Talib (rA). The Prophet said: "The most compassionate of my Community towards my Community is Abu Bakr; the staunchest in Allah’s Religion is `Umar; the most truthful in his modesty is `Uthman, and the best in judgment is `Ali." `Umar said: "`Ali is the best in judgment among us, and Ubayy is the most proficient at the Qur’anic readings." Ibn Mas`ud similarly said: "We used to say that the best in judgment among the people of Madina was `Ali."
Did you know: 'Ali was born at the Ka'abah? after keeping his eyes shut like a kitten for many days, the first person he ever saw after he was born was the Prophet (saws)? he was the youngest of the first converts into Islam? he was both the Prophet's (saws) cousin and son-in-law? he was one of the most eloquent sahabahs? From his Will addressed to his sons, 'Ali wrote:
"My advice to you is to be conscious of Allah and steadfast in your religion. Do not yearn for the world, and do not be seduced by it. Do not resent anything you have missed in it. Proclaim the truth; work for the next world. Oppose the oppressor and support the oppressed.
I advise you, and all my children, my relatives, and whosoever receives this message, to be conscious of Allah, to remove your differences, and to strengthen your ties. I heard your grandfather, peace be upon him, say: "Reconciliation of your differences is more worthy than all prayers and all fasting."
Ali Ibn Abi Talib
After Uthman's martyrdom, the office of the caliphate remained unfilled for two or three days. Many people insisted that 'Ali should take up the office, but he was embarrassed by the fact that the people who pressed him hardest were the rebels who were led by Abdullah ibn Saba, and he therefore declined at first. When the notable Companions of the Prophet (peace be on him) urged him, however, he finally agreed.
'Ali bin Abi Talib was the first cousin of the Prophet (peace be on him). More than that, he had grown up in the Prophet's own household, later married his youngest daughter, Fatima, and remained in closest association with him for nearly thirty years.
'Ali was ten years old when the Divine Message came to Muhammad (peace be on him). One night he saw the Prophet (S) and his wife Khadijah bowing and prostrating. He asked the Prophet (S) about the meaning of their actions. The Prophet (S) told him that they were praying Allah The Most High and that 'Ali too should accept Islam. 'Ali said that he would first like to ask his father about it. He spent a sleepless night, and in the morning he went to the Prophet (S). He said, "When Allah created me He did not consult my father, so why should I consult my father in order to serve Allah?" and he accepted the truth of Muhammad (Ss)'s message.
When the Divine command came, "And warn thy nearest relatives" [26:214], Muhammad (peace be on him) invitad his relatives for a meal. After it was finished, he addressed them and asked, "Who will join me in the cause of Allah?" There was utter silence for a while, and then 'Ali stood up. "I am the youngest of all present here," he said, "My eyes trouble me because they are sore and my legs are thin and weak, but I shall join you and help you in whatever way I can." The assembly broke up in derisive laughter. But during the difficult wars in Makkah, 'Ali stood by these words and faced all the hardships to which the Muslims were subjected. He slept in the bed of the Prophet (S) when the Quraish planned to murder Muhammad (S). The Quraish brought ‘'Ali to Al-Ka‘bah, beat him brutally and confined him there for an hour attempting desperately to make him divulge the secret of the disappearance of Muhammad (S) and Abu Bakr, but to no avail. They then went to see Asma’, Abu Bakr’s daughter, but here also their attempts went in vain. While at her door Abu Jahl slapped the girl so severely that her earring broke up. They withstood the worldly ordeal showing their dedication to Islam.
It was 'Ali to whom the Prophet (S) entrusted, when he left Makkah, the valuables which had been given to him for safekeeping, to be returned to their owners.
Apart from the expedition of Tabuk, 'Ali fought in all the early battles of Islam with great distinction, particularly in the expedition of Khaybar. It is said that in the Battle of Uhud he received more than sixteen wounds.
The Prophet (peace be on him) loved 'Ali dearly and called him by many fond names. Once the Prophet found him sleeping in the dust. He brushed off 'Ali's clothes and said fondly, "Wake up, Abu Turab (Father of Dust)." The Prophet also gave him the title of 'Asadullah' ('Lion of Allah').
'Ali's humility, austerity, piety, deep knowledge of the Qur'an and his sagacity gave him great distinction among the Prophet (S)'s Companions. Abu Bakr, 'Umar and Uthman consulted him frequently during their caliphates. Many times 'Umar had made him his vice-regent at Madinah when he was away. 'Umar also married one of 'Ali's daughters.
'Ali was also a great scholar of Arabic literature and pioneered in the field of grammar and rhetoric. His speeches, sermons and letters served for generations afterward as models of literary expression. Many of his wise and epigrammatic sayings have been preserved. 'Ali thus had a rich and versatile personality. In spite of these attainments he remained a modest and humble man. Once during his caliphate when he was going about the marketplace, a man stood up in respect and followed him. "Do not do it," said 'Ali. "Such manners are a temptation for a ruler and a disgrace for the ruled."
'Ali and his family lived extremely simple and austere lives. Sometimes they even went hungry themselves because of 'Ali's great generosity, and none who asked for help was ever turned away from his door. His plain, austere style of living did not change even when he was ruler over a vast domain.
As mentioned previously, 'Ali accepted the caliphate very reluctantly. Uthman's murder and the events surrounding it were a symptom, and also became a cause, of civil strife on a large scale. 'Ali felt that the tragic situation was mainly due to inept governors. He therefore dismissed all the governors who had been appointed by Uthman and appointed new ones. All the governors excepting Muawiya, the governor of Syria, submitted to his orders. Muawiya declined to obey until Uthman's blood was avenged. The Prophet's widow 'Aisha also took the position that 'Ali should first bring the murderers to trial. Due to the chaotic conditions during the last days of Uthman it was very difficult to establish the identity of the murderers, and 'Ali refused to punish anyone whose guilt was not lawfully proved. Thus a battle between the army of 'Ali and the supporters of 'Aisha took place. 'Aisha later realized her error of judgment and never forgave herself for it.
The situation in Hijaz (the part of Arabia in which Makkah and Madinah are located) became so troubled that 'Ali moved his capital to Iraq. Muawiya now openly rebelled against 'Ali and a fierce battle was fought between their armies. This battle was inconclusive, and 'Ali had to accept the de facto government of Muawiya in Syria.
However, even though the era of 'Ali's caliphate was marred by civil strife, he nevertheless introduced a number of reforms, particularly in the levying and collecting of revenues.
It was the fortieth year of Hijra. A fanatical group called Kharijites, consisting of people who had broken away from 'Ali due to his compromise with Muawiya, claimed that neither 'Ali, the Caliph, nor Muawiya, the ruler of Syria, nor Amr bin al-Aas, the ruler of Egypt, were worthy of rule. In fact, they went so far as to say that the true caliphate came to an end with 'Umar and that Muslims should live without any ruler over them except Allah. They vowed to kill all three rulers, and assassins were dispatched in three directions.
The assassins who were deputed to kill Muawiya and Amr did not succeed and were captured and executed, but Ibn-e-Muljim, the assassin who was commissioned to kill 'Ali, accomplished his task. One morning when 'Ali was absorbed in prayer in a mosque, Ibn-e-Muljim stabbed him with a poisoned sword. On the 20th of Ramadan, 40 A.H., died the last of the Rightly Guided Caliphs of Islam. May Allah Most High be pleased with them and grant to them His eternal reward.
For more on 'Ali, please read:
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