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« on: Sep 25, 2008 05:23 AM »


Essential Reading List for Islamic Civilization


A. Reference Works. You should be familiar with all of these, refer to them as need arises, and read those parts or articles of each that strike you as significant.

The Encyclopaedia of Islam, new edition (compare with the first edition for change of focus and development of scholarship)
Encyclopaedia Iranica
J. D. Pearson, ed.. Index Islamicus
R. Stephen Humphreys, Islamic History, A Framework for Inquiry
Gerhard Endress, An Introduction to Islam
W. C. Brice, ed.. An Historical Atlas of Islam
R. Roolvinck, ed.. Historical Atlas of the Muslim Peoples
Francis Robinson, Atlas of the Islamic World since 1500
C. E. Bosworth, The Islamic Dynasties (second edition titled: The New IslamicDynasties)

B. Surveys of Islamic History and Civilization. Read Hodgson's Venture, which is in a class by itself, carefully. Skim the others to get a sense of their assumptions and approach.

Marshall G. S. Hodgson, The Venture of Islam (3 vols.)
The Cambridge History of Islam
The Cambridge Illustrated History of Islam
The Cambridge History of Iran, vols. 4-8
The Cambridge History of Egypt (2 vols., ed. C. Petry)
An Economic and Social History of the Ottoman Empire (2 vols.)
The Legacy of Islam, second edition (compare with the first edition for change of focus and development of scholarship)
Gustave E. von Grunebaum, Classical Islam; Medieval Islam; Modern Islam
Bertold Spuler, The Muslim World: A Historical Survey (4 vols.)
Ira Lapidus, A History of Islamic Societies
Albert Hourani, A History of the Arab Peoples
H. A. R. Gibb, Studies on the Civilization of Islam
Bernard Lewis, ed., Islam and the Arab World
Dominique Sourdel and Janine Sourdel-Thomine, La civilisation de l’Islam classique

C. Surveys of Islamic Religion and Institutions. Read Fazlur Rahman's Islam and skim the others to get a sense of their assumptions and approach.

Fazlur Rahman, Islam
H. A. R. Gibb, Mohammedanism [second edition retitled as: Islam, A Historical Survey}
Ignaz Goldziher, Muslim Studies (2 vols.); Introduction to Islamic Theology and Law
Seyyed Hossain Nasr, Ideals and Realities of Islam
David Waines, An Introduction to Islam
Reuben Levy, The Social Structure of Islam
Malise Ruthven, Islam in the World

D. Recommended Works on Specific Topics. These are either classics in the field or are often referred to or are noteworthy for other reasons. You should at least gain a sense of the contents of these books and their authors' positions and contributions.

Seyyed Hossein Nasr, Science and Civilization in Islam; Islamic Science, An Illustrated Study
Adam Mez, The Renaissance of Islam
Joel Kraemer, Humanism in the Renaissance of Islam; Philosophy in the Renaissance of Islam
W. M. Watt, Islamic Theology and Philosophy; Islamic Political Thought; The Formative Period of Islamic Thought
E. I. J. Rosenthal, Political Thought in Medieval Islam
A. K. S. Lambton, State and Government in Medieval Islam; Theory and Practice in Medieval Persian Government
Franz Rosenthal, Knowledge Triumphant: The Concept of Knowledge in Medieval Islam
MajidFakhry, A History of Islamic Philosophy
Fazlur Rahman, Prophecy in Islam
Muhsin S. Mahdi, Ibn Khaldun 's Philosophy of History
Joseph Schacht, An Introduction to Islamic Law
Neil J. Coulson, A History of Islamic Law
George Makdisi, The Rise of Colleges: Institutions of Learning in Islam and the West
B. F. Musallam, Sex and Society in Islam
Reynold A. Nicholson, A Literary History of the Arabs
E. G. Browne, A Literary History of Persia (4 vols.)
Oleg Grabar, The Formation of Islamic Art
Thomas W. Arnold, Painting in Islam
Richard Ettinghausen and Oleg Grabar, The Art and Architecture of Islam 650-1250
Sheila S. Blair and Jonathan M. Bloom, The Art and Architecture of Islam 1250-1800
Martin Bernard Dickson and Stuart Cary Welch, The Houghton Shahnameh (2 vols.)
Moojan Momen, An Introduction to Shi 'i Islam
Farhad Daftary, The Isma'ilis: Their History and Doctrines
A. J. Arberry, Sufism
Annemarie Schimmel, Mystical Dimensions of Islam
Louis Massignon, The Passion ofal-Hallaj (4 vols.)
J. Spencer Trimingham, The Sufi Orders in Islam
W. M. Watt, Muhammad, Prophet and Statesman
Patricia Crone and Michael Cook, Hagarism
Fred M. Dormer, Narratives of Islamic Origins
Tarif Khalidi, Arabic Historical Thought in the Classical Period
Franz Rosenthal, A History of Muslim Historiography
Wilferd Madelung, The Succession to Muhammad
Hugh Kennedy, The Prophet and the Age of the Caliphates
Patricia Crone and Martin Hinds, God's Caliph
R. P. Mottahedeh, Loyalty and Leadership in an Early Islamic Society
Clifford Edmund Bosworth, The Ghaznavids
David Morgan, Medieval Persia, 1040-1797; The Mongols
Richard Bulliet, Islam, the View from the Edge
S. D. Goitein, A Mediterranean Society (5 vols.)
W. M. Watt and Pierre Cachia, A History of Islamic Spain
Selma Kh. Jayyusi, ed., The Legacy of Muslim Spain
Jamil M. Abun-Nasr, A History of the Maghrib in the Islamic Period
M. C. Lyons and D. E. P. Jackson, Saladin: The Politics of the Holy War
Peter M. Holt, The Age of the Crusades, The Near East from the Eleventh Century to 1517
Robert Irwin, The Middle East in the Middle Ages, The Early Mamluk Sultanate 1250-1382
Ira Lapidus, Muslim Cities in the Later Middle Ages
Bernard Lewis, The Assassins
Beatrice F. Manz, The Rise and Rule of Tamerlane
John E. Woods, The Aqquyunlu
Speros Vryonis, Jr., The Decline of Medieval Hellenism in Asia Minor and the Process of
Islamization from the Eleventh through the Fifteenth Century
Cemal Kafadar, Between Two Worlds: The Construction of the Ottoman State
Halil Inalcik, The Ottoman Empire: The Classical Age
Comell H. Fleischer, Bureaucrat and Intellectual in the Ottoman Empire
Norman Itzkowitz, Ottoman Empire and Islamic Tradition
Bernard Lewis, The Emergence of Modern Turkey
Niyazi Berkes, The Development of Secularism in Modern Turkey
L. Carl Brown, ed.. Imperial Legacy: The Ottoman Imprint on the Balkans and the Middle East
Hamilton Gibb and Harold Bowen, Islamic Society and the West (2 vols.)
Albert Hourani, Arabic Thought in the Liberal Age
Nikki Keddie, Roots of Revolution
Roy Mottahedeh, The Mantle of the Prophet
Roger Owen, Middle East in the World Economy, 1800-1914
Edward Lane, The Manners and Customs of the Modern Egyptians
Wilfred Cantwell Smith, Islam in Modern History
Norman Daniel, Islam, Europe and Empire
Edward W. Said, Orientalism
Bernard Lewis, The Political Language of Islam
Emmanuel Sivan, Radical Islam
William L. Cleveland, A History of the Modern Middle East
The Modern Middle East: A Reader (ed. Hourani, Khoury and Wilson)
Leila Ahmed, Women and Gender in Islam

E. Primary Works of Islamic Civilization. You should be familiar with the following in the original or in translation:

The Qur'an
Ibn al-KaIbi, The Book of Idols (tr. Faris)
Ibn Ishaq, The Life of Muhammad (tr. Guillaume)
Baladhuri, The Origins of the Islamic State (tr. Hitti)
Tabari, History (tr., ed. Yar-Shater, 38 vols.)
Miskawayh, Eclipse of the Abbasid Caliphate (tr. Margoliouth and Amedroz, 6 vols.)
Tanukhi, Table-Talk of a Mesopotamian Judge (tr. Margoliouth)
Ibn al-Muqaffa', Kalila ~wa Dimna (tr. Knatohbull; Keith-Falconer; Arberry)
Jahiz (tr. Pellat)
Nadim, The Fihrist, A Tenth-Century Survey of Muslim Culture (tr. Dodge)
Malik, Al-Mu-watta (tr. Bewley)
Shafi'i, Islamic Jurisprudence (tr. Khadduri)
Shaybani, The Islamic Law of Nations (tr. Khadduri)
Muqaddasi, The Best Divisions for Understanding the Regions (tr. Collins)
Arab Historians of the Crusades (tr. Costello)
Usamab. Munqidh, An Arab-Syrian Gentleman... in the Period of the Crusades (tr. Hitti)
Mawardi, The Ordinances of Government (tr. Wahba)
Hujwiri, Kashf al-Mahjub (tr. Nicholson)
Ghazali, Deliverance from Error (tr. Watt; McCarthy); Ihya 'Ulum al-Din (sections translated by Farah, Paris, Holland, McKane, Nakamura, Quasem, Winter, Zolondek, etc.)
Nizam al-Mulk, The Book of Government (tr. Darke)
Ibn Khallikan, Biographical Dictionary (tr. Mac Guckin de Slane, 4 vols.)
Thousand and One Nights (tr. Lane; Burton; Payne; Dawood; Haddawy)
Firdawsi, The Epic of the Kings (tr. Levy)
Sa'di, The Gulistan (tr. Rehatsek)
Attar, The Conference of the Birds (tr. Darbandi and Davis)
Rumi (tr. Nicholson; Arberry; Barks)
Nizami, Haft Paykar (tr. Meisami)
Ibn Tufayl, Hayy ibn Yaqzan (tr. Goodman; Kocache)
Ibn al-'Arabi, The Bezels of Wisdom (tr. Austin); The Sufi Path of Knowledge (tr. Chittick)
'Abd Allah b. Buluggin, The Tibyan, Memoirs of the Last Zirid Amir of Granada (tr.Tibi)
Maqrizi, Mamluk Economics (tr. Allouche)
Biruni, India (tr. Sachau / abr. Embree)
Ibn Battuta, Travels (tr. Gibb)
Nasir-i Khusraw, Book of Travels (Safarnama) (tr. Thackston)
Ibn Khaldun, The Muqaddimah (tr. Rosenthal / abr. Dawood)
Zahir al-Din Muhammad Babur, Babur-nama (tr. Beveridge; Thackston)
Eskandar Beg Monshi, History of Shah 'Abbas the Great (tr. Savory)
Kritovoulos, History of Mehmed the Conqueror (tr. Riggs)
The Book of Dede Korkut (tr. G. L. Lewis)
Mustafa 'Ali, Counsel for Sultans of 1581 (tr. Tietze, 2 vols.))
Katib Chelebi, The Balance of Truth (tr. G. L. Lewis)
Eviiya Chelebi, The Intimate Life of an Ottoman Statesman (tr. Dankoff)
Jabarti, Chronicle of the French Occupation, 1798 (tr. Moreh)
Jamal al-Din al-Afghani, An Islamic Response to Imperialism (tr. Nikki Keddie)
'Ali Shariati, On the Sociology of Islam (tr. Algar)
Jalal Al-e Ahmad, Gharbzadegi (tr. Green and Alizadeh ["Weststruckness"]; Sprachman ["Plagued by the West"]; Campbell ["Occidentosis"])
Naguib Mahfouz, The Cairo Trilogy (3 vols.)
Jamalzadah, Once Upon a Time (tr. Moayyad and Sprachman)
Orhan Pamuk, The Black Book

You should also check the following anthologies:

R. A. Nicholson, Translations of Eastern Poetry and Prose
Use Lichtenstadter, Introduction to Classical Arabic Literature
James Kritzeck, Anthology of Islamic Literature', Modern Islamic Literature
Helmut Gatje, The Qur 'an and its Exegesis
Franz Rosenthal, The Classical Heritage in Islam
Michael A. Sells, Early Islamic Mysticism
Eric Schroeder, Muhammads People
Arthur Jeffery, Islam: Muhammad and his Religion; Reader on Islam
J. A. Williams, Islam; Themes of Islamic Civilization; The Word of Islam
F. E. Peters, A Reader on Classical Islam
A. J. Arberry, Aspects of Islamic Civilization
W. H. McNeill and M. R. Waldman, The Islamic World
Bernard Lewis, Islam from the Prophet Muhammad to the Capture of Constantinople (2 vols.)
A. Rippin and J. Knappert, Textual Sources for the Study of Islam
S. H. Nasr, H. Dabashi and S. V. R. Nasr, Expectations of the Millenium
W. M. Thackston, A Century of Princes: Sources on Timurid History and Art
Rudolph Peters, Jihad in Mediaeval and Modern Islam
R. G. Landen, The Emergence of the Modern Middle East

Source: A7med
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« Reply #1 on: Sep 25, 2008 05:31 AM »

I. General Islamic Knowledge
“Vision of Islam” by William Chittick
“A Young Muslim’s Guide to the Modern World” by Syed Hossain Nasr
“Ihya Uloom ad-Deen” by Imam Ghazzali
“Hujjat Allah al-Baligha” by Shah Waliullah
“Principles of Deen” by Dr. Mufti Abdul Wahid
“System of Islam” by Taqiuddin Nabbhani
“Differences of the Ummat” by Maulana Ludhianvi
“Ihya us-Sunnah…” by Shaykh Uthman Dan Fodio

-----------------------

II. Reviving the Sacred Sciences

A. Etiquette of Seeking Knowledge
"Knowledge and Wisdom" by Imam Haddad
"Two Treatises" Imam Haddad
"The Heirs of the Prophets" by Ibn Rajab al Hanbali, Translated by Zaid Shakir
"Ignorance: The Disease of the Ummah" - Lecture by Shaykh Mohammed Al Yaqoubi
"The Rightly Guided Scholars" - Lecture by Shaykh Hamza Yusuf
“The Broken Chain" by Aftab Malik

B. Aqeedah
"Aqeedah Tahawiyyah" with commentary by Shaykh Ninowy
“Fiqh al-Akbar” with commentary by Shaykh Abdurrehman Ibn Yusuf
"Names and Attributes of Allah" - Lectures by Shaykh HAmza Yusuf and Dr. Umar Abdullah
“Aqaid ul Islam” by Maulana Khandelwi
“Answer to Modernism” by Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi
“Faysal al Tafriqa” by Imam Ghazzali
"The Conclusive Proofs for the Principles of Beliefs" By Imam Juwayni

C. Fiqh
"The Legal Status of Following a Madhab" by Mufti Taqi Usmani
"Fiqh al Imam" By Abdurrahman ibn Yusuf
"The differences of opinion in fiqh" by Shah Waliullah
"The differences of the imams" by Maulana Khandelwi
The philosophy of Islamic law and the orientalists
“Islamic Jurisprudence” by Nyazee
“The Madinan Way” by Shaykh Ibn Taymiyyah
“Amal of Madinah” by Dr. Umar Abdullah
“Adjudication in the Maliki Madhab” by Mohammad Fadel
Works of Imam Shatibi on Maqasid al-Shariah

D. Tafseer
“The History of the Quranic Text”
“An Introduction to the Sciences of the Qur’an” by Yaser Qadhi [excluding the section on the Ashari school]
“Ma’ariful Qur’an”

E. Seerah
"The Sealed Nectar"
“Ash-Shifa" by Qadi Iyad
“Shamail at Muhammadiyyah” by Imam Tirmidhi


F. Hadeeth
"The Authority of the Sunnah" By Mufti Taqi Usmani
"An Introduction to the Conservation of Hadeeth"
“Studies in hadith methodology and literature”
“Compendium of Knowledge and Wisdom” by Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali
“Riyadh us Saliheen” by Imam Nawawi
“Sunna Notes” by GF Haddad

G. Tasawwuf
“The Link Between Shari’ah and Tariqa” by Maulana Khandelwi
"Sufism and Good Character" by Maulana Zafar Usmani
"The Book of Assistance" by IMam Haddad
“Love for Allah" By Shaykh Zulfiqar Ahmad
"The Degrees of the Soul" by Shaykh al-Shabrawi
"Purification of the Soul" By Shaykh Hamza Yusuf
"Preparing for the Day of Judgement" by Imam Ibn Hajr Asqalani
“Knowledge and Forbearance by Maulana Mufti Mahmoud Ashraf Usmani

H. Islamic History
“The Rightly Guided Caliphs” by Imam Suyuti
“Defense Against Disaster” by Qadi Abu Bakr ibn Arabi
“The Crusades Through Arab Eyes” by Amin Malouf
“History of the Deobandi School”
“Sufi Mujahideen”
“A Revolution in History”
“A History of Islamic Societies” by Ira Lapidus
“Saviors of Islamic Spirit” by Shaykh Nadwi
“Muqadimmah” by Ibn Khaldun

I. Politics
Ibn Khaldun's "Muqadimmah"
"Al Ahkam as Sultanniyyah" by Imam Mawardi

-----------------------


III. Critical Engagement of the Western Tradition

A. Philosophy of History
“Muqaddimah” by Ibn Khaldun
“Ibn Khaldun’s Philosophy of History” by Mohsin Mahdi
“Islamic Historiography” by Chase F. Robinson
“Processes of Error, Deviation, Correction, and Convergences in Muslim Political Thought” by Kalim Siddiqui (link)
“On the Imamate” by Imam Juwayni
“On the Use and Misuse of History” by Friedrich Nietzche
“Historian’s Fallacies: Towards a Logic of Historical Thought” by David H. Fischer

B. History of the West Generally:
“Europe: A History”
“The Modern Mind” by Peter Watson
“A People’s History of America” by Howard Zinn

C. Understanding Colonialism and how it Benefited the West
“The Colonizer and the Colonized” by Albert Memmi
“The Wretched of the Earth” by Frantz Fanon
“Colonialism and Neo-Colonialism” by Jean Paul Sartre
“Eurocentrism” by Samir Amin
“World Accumulation 1492-1787” by Andre Gunder Frank
Works of Maryam Jameelah
Works of Hannah Arendt
“On Revolution”
“On Totalitarianism”
“On Imperialism”
“The Great Divergence” by Kenneth Pomeranz

D. On the Decline of the Muslim World
“Before European Hegemony 1250-1350” by Janet Abu Lughod (read this work after you’ve read Wallerstein)
“World-Systems Analysis” by Immanuel Wallerstein
“Revolution and Rebellion in the Early Modern World” by Jack Goldstone
“Why Europe? The Rise of the West in World History 1500 – 1850)” by Jack Goldstone (I strongly recommend both of these books by Jack Goldstone. If you can only read two books on this list, read these two)
“Trade and Civilization in the Indian Ocean from the Rise of Islam to 1750” by K.N. Chaudhuri
“The Black Death in the Middle East” by Michael W. Dols
“An Economic and Social History of the Ottoman Empire” by Suraiya Faroqhi, Halil Inalcik, et al
“A Peace to End All Peace” by David Fromkin
“The Politics of Pan-Islam”

E. On Imperialism
“Imperialism: A Study” by J.A. Hobson
“War and Peace and War: The Life Cycle of Imperial Nations” by Peter Turchin
“How Rich Countries Got Rich and Why Poor Countries Stay Poor” by Erik Reinert
“Ecological Imperialism: The Biological Expansion of Europe 900-1900” by Alfred W. Crosby
“Carnage and Culture: Landmark Battles in the Rise of Western Power” by Victor Hanson
“America’s Kingdom: Mythmaking on the Saudi Oil Frontier” by Robert Vitalis
“The Dynamics of Global Dominance: European Overseas Empire 1415-1800” by John Thornton
“The Origins of the Modern World: A Global and Ecological Narrative from the Fifteenth to the Twenty-First Century” by Robert B. Marks
“The Portugese Empire 1415-1808” by AJR Russell-Wood
“American Treasure and the Rise of Capitalism (1500-1700)” by Earl J. Hamilton

F. On Science
“The Structure of Scientific Revolutions” by Thomas Kuhn
“There Is a God” by Antony Flew
“Islamic Science and the Making of the European Renaissance” by George Saliba
“Lost History: The Enduring Legacy of Muslim Scientists, Thinkers, and Artists”
“A History of Arabic Astronomy: Planetary Theories During the Golden Age of Islam” by George Saliba
“How Islam Created the Modern World” by Mark Graham
“What Islam Did for Us: Understanding Islam’s Contributions to Western Civilization” by Tim Wallace-Murphy
“The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1684” by Stephen Gaukroger
“The Construction of Modern Science: Mechanism and Mechanics” by Richard S. Westfall
“Science and Religion 1450-1900” by Richard G. Olson
“Philosophy of Science: The Central Issues” by J.A. Cover
Also want to see the works of Karl Popper

G. Critique of Democracy/American Democracy
“Second Treatise on Government” by John Locke
“On the Social Contract” by Jean Jacques Rousseau
Works of John Stuart Mill
The Federalist Papers
“On Democracy” by Dahl’
“How Democratic Is the American Constitution” by Dahl
“A More Perfect Constitution” by Larry J. Sabato
“Our Undemocratic Constitution” by Sanford Levinson
“An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution” by Charles Beard
“Taming Democracy” by Terry Bouton
“The Israel Lobby and US Foreign Policy” by Walt and Mearsheimer

H. Miscellaneous Works:
“On the Sociology of Islam” by Ali Shariati
“The Communist Manifesto” by Karl Marx
“Manufacturing Consent” by Noam Chomsky
“The Concept of Law” by HLA Hart
“The Model of Rules I” by Ronald Dworkin
"A Fundamental Fear: Eurocentrism and the Emergence of Islamism" by S. Sayyid


Also, in general, if you want to understand Western philosophy, its imperative that one has completely mastery of the Aristotlean tradition.


Source: Jinn
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« Reply #2 on: Sep 26, 2008 12:47 PM »

As salaamu alaikum

Quite an extensive list. Books are indeed such a wonderful thing.

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« Reply #3 on: Oct 07, 2008 06:23 AM »

Salam

I cannot emphasise enough....please if you could, get the book Prolegomena to the Metaphysics of Islam by Syed Naquib al-Attas.

Subhanallah....its profound.

Wassalam
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