Ibn Al-Qay-yim Al-Jawzi (in Madarij As-salikeen) said:
The heart in its journey towards Allah is like a bird; its head is love, and its two wings are hope and fear. When the head and the two wings are sound and healthy, then the bird will fly well. If the head of the bird is cut off, it immediately dies, and when either or both wings are deficient, the bird cannot fly properly and it may become the victim of a hunter that passes by.
From this analogy we learn that without love of Allah we cannot successfully “journey towards Him,” and without hope in Allah’s mercy or fear from His punishment we may be easy victims for shaytaan
So the Muslim then, with resolute love for Allah
, lives between hope and fear. He “call(s) upon Allah out of fear and hope” and he “forsake(s) [his] bed, to invoke [his] Lord in fear and hope, and [he] spend(s) (charity in Allah’s Cause) out of what We have bestowed on them.”FEAR:
Imam Ahmad recorded from `A’ishah
: I said: “O Messenger of Allah, ‘And those who give that which they give with their hearts full of fear, because they are sure to return to their Lord,’ are these the ones who steal and commit Zina and drink alcohol while fearing Allah?” Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that the Prophet
said: “No, O daughter of As-Siddiq, they are the ones who pray and fast and give in charity while fearing that it will not be accepted from them, (It is these who hasten in the good deeds.)) At-Tirmidhi recorded something similar.
Umar ibn Al-Khattab
said: If an angel had come down and announced that everyone would enter paradise except one person, I would fear that I would be that person.
And how do we increase our fear of Allah’s punishment?
said: If a person has knowledge he will fear Allah. So we should increase our knowledge. And The Prophet
said as narrated by Anas
“I swear by The One in Whose Hand my soul is, if you saw what I saw you would laugh little, and cry excessively”, people said, ‘O Prophet of Allah! What did you see?’ He
replied, “I saw Paradise and Hell” (Muslim). So we should reflect on the punishment of “him who “Tagha” (transgressed all bounds, in disbelief, oppression and evil deeds of disobedience to Allah) and preferred the life of this world. Verily his abode will be Hell-Fire,” The “Fire whose fuel is men and stones”HOPE:
Anas reported that the Prophet,
entered upon a young boy who was dying. The Prophet
asked: “How are you?” The boy replied: “O Messenger of Allah, I am in-between hoping in Allah and fearing for my sins.” The Prophet
said: “The like of these two qualities do not unite in the heart of a servant except that Allah gives him what he hopes for and protects him from what he feared.” [Hasan - Collected by at-Tirmidhee & Ibn Maajah. Authenticated by al-Albaanee in Ahkaamul-Janaa’iz (no. 2).]
Umar ibn Al-Khattab
also said: and if the angel had come down and announced that everyone will enter Hellfire except for one person, I would hope to be that person.
and never give up hope of Allah’s Mercy. Certainly no one despairs of Allah’s Mercy, except the people who disbelieve.” [Surat Yusuf, verse 87]
And so “to your Lord (Alone) turn (all your intentions and hopes and) your invocations.” And ask yourself “What is the matter with you, [that you fear not Allah (His punishment), and] you hope not for reward (from Allah or you believe not in His Oneness).”