I’ve been meaning to come back to this discussion, but subhanAllaah I’ve been so busy that I’ve only managed to come back now to try and address some of this. Inshaa’Allaah.
Just as an aside, I’m not entirely sure what meanings people are attaching to the words ‘love’ and ‘hate’. If someone is meaning by these ‘acceptance’, then this is the position that my previous post in this thread is coming from.
This thread reminded me of at a recent Halaqah the Shaikh was speaking about the two kinds of love Allah has for His Creatures, one is for ALL His Creatures regardless of what they do or how they are. This Rahma is translated as Love, Mercy, Compassion for all creatures. A second type of Love or Hubb is only for those who obey Him.
So Allah does LOVE everyone. This isn't something different from other religions. But we must understand that Allah has special love for His Servants.
I think what your shaykh was referring to was Allaah's Attribute of Mercy. The Name of Allaah ‘Ar-Rahman’, which means the One Who shows Mercy to the believers and disbelievers in this dunya, but only to the believers in the Hereafter. The Name ar-Raheem means the One Who shows Mercy to the believers in the Hereafter. So yes Allaah is Merciful to the disbelievers in this world only. Maybe this is what you meant by saying ‘Allaah does love everyone’?
I would think that Allah, who is all Merciful would hate the non muslims beliefs and actions because of that belief, but as for hating them as a person, I am not sure because non muslims can have good qualities/character despite their incorrect beliefs.
Again, as long as one doesn’t have the correct belief, their good qualities/character don't/doesn’t amount to much. This is the case even if such a person does a lot of good deeds, helps people a lot, etc, and one such proof for this is the hadith related by ibn Hibbaan, in that one among the relatives of Lady Aisha used to help the people a lot, and died as a blasphemer. Lady Aisha told the Prophet that this relative used to do such and such, he used to help the people a lot, would this benefit him in the Hereafter? The Prophet answered No, because this man didn’t believe in the Resurrection, i.e. he was not a believer.
We can not look at someone and know if they will enter the gates of paradise, Muslim or Christians.[/u]
Yes we can because in the Qur'aan and in the hadith both Allaah and His Prophet have told us what it means to be a believer and what it means to be a disbeliever, so that we can differentiate between belief and kufr, and to make sure that we are properly guided. And the religion states that it is only the Muslims, the believers, who will go to Paradise.
So, He may forgive others because despite practicing another religion they have embraced the heart of submission.
In Surah al-Imran it says what means: 'O Muhammad, tell them to obey Allah and His Prophet by believing in Allaah and His Prophet. If they refuse, tell them then they will be judged as blasphemers and they wouldn’t be accepted by Allaah.' This verse is a proof that whoever does not believe in Allaah and His Messenger, such a person is not a believer/Muslim and such a person is not accepted by Allaah because of his blasphemy. In the same surah it later goes on to say: 'And whoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it will never be accepted of him, and in the Hereafter he will be one of the losers.'
For one to say ‘despite practicing another religion they have embraced the heart of submission’, this doesn’t work, because in order for one to submit, in order for one’s worship to be accepted, one has to know whom One is worshipping, as stated by Imam az-Ghazzaliyy. Therefore if someone believes that God has a son, or God has a partner, then one hasn’t submitted to begin with, because this goes against the fundamentals of Islaam, such as Allaah Exists without a partner; He does not resemble the creation in any way, so He is not a man; He does not beget children, etc, etc.
There are various religious texts which show over and over again that the obligation on all creation is to have the correct belief in Allaah (and His Prophets) and that we are ordered to worship Him. If someone was to say that Allaah ‘Loves’ blasphemers (with a meaning other than that He is Merciful to them in this world) this would be in direct contradiction to what the religion states. If Allaah ’Loves’/Accepts the blasphemers, then why are they threatened with torture and punishment both in the grave and in Hellfire, why does it say in the religion that such a person will have no good deeds on the Day of Judgement, and why is that such a person will remain in Hellfire forever?