Oil and Wars: Big Powers Crowd Central Asia
DR. ABDUL RUFF
Big powers in this era of advnaced techlological development are, in the name of “democracy” and “terror threats”, indeed battlng for securing energy resources. Obvioulsy, West Asia and Central Asia are the most fertile zones with energy reosurces in abundance.
Central Asia is the core region of the Asian continent and stretches from the energy rich Caspian Sea in the west to China in the east and from Afghanistan in the south to Russia in the north. It is also sometimes referred to as Middle Asia or Middle Asia. In modern contexts, all definitions of Central Asia include these five republics of the former Soviet Union: Kazakhstan (pop. 16.0 million), Kyrgyzstan (5.5 million), Tajikistan (7.3 million),Turkmenistan (5.1 million), and Uzbekistan (27.6 million), for a total population of 61.5 million as of 2009. Other areas included are Afghanistan, Northern Iran, Kashmir, northern Pakistan,Mongolia, Xinjiang and Tibet in western China and southern Siberia in Russia.
From its beginning in 1917, the Soviet state never included Kazakhstan in Muslim Central Asia, preferring to give it a non-Asian identity by linking it closely to Russia and Siberia.
Central Asia is sometimes referred to as Turkestan.During pre-Islamic and early Islamic times, Central Asia was a predominantly Iranian. Central Asia has historically been closely tied to the Silk Road. As a result, it has acted as a crossroads for the movement of people, goods, and ideas between Europe, West Asia, South Asia, and East Asia.
Now through the Sept-11 hoax and invasion of Afghantisn and Pakistan on ficitious pretexts, the NATO terror synidcate led by USA-UK terror twins is occupying/controlling much of the region. In fact the uSA literally owns now the Silk Raod as well. .
Power struggle among big powers for resources and influence in energy rich Central Asia, including USA, Russia, China and even India has been going on since the break up of Soviet Union and emergence thereof independent Central Asian states. Since all these Muslim states in the region surrounding Caspian Sea with full of energy resources are hopelessly corrupt and authoritarian, the outside powers have an easy entry into the region, seeking to control the region.
Issues related to joint utilization of water resources and the water energy potential of the Aral Sea basin are increasingly arising as the focus of heated debate at summits of the SCO (Shanghai Cooperation Organization) and EurAsEC (Eurasian Economic Community). The estimated renewable hydro energy potential of Central Asia is 460 billion kWh per year, but at the present time less than 10 per cent of this potential is used. Energy is mainly produced in Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. Resolving the issues of shared utilization of water and power resources in Central Asia has huge economic, ecological, political and international importance, since it is a major factor in preserving stability, economic prosperity and ecological security in this region.
One important geopolitical consequence of the demise of the Soviet Union was the rise of intense political and commercial competition for control of the vast energy resources of the newly independent and vulnerable states of the Caucasus and Central Asia. These energy resources and, in particular, the oil and natural gas deposits have now become the apple of discord in Central Asia introducing, a new chapter in the Great Game of control over Eurasia. Although the stakes involved remain the same, i.e., power, influence, security, wealth, the new playing field is further complicated by an array of problems. These include intra-regional conflict, political instability, fierce competition among multinational conglomerates, and a shortfall in commercial expertise and legal infrastructures.
The oil deposits of the Caspian Sea are considered of excellent quality ( better then those in Mideast, except in Libya) and able to provide a significant alternative source of energy in the 21st century. Following the collapse of communism, the ex-Soviet republics of Central Asia, especially Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan, have been trying to exploit their natural resources, since they consider oil to be the prime means of securing their economic and political independence.
Russia asks central asian nations to expand their existing pipelines to link them to the Russian network USA and Europe want to ship oil from Central Asia bypassing Russia.
It is estimated that the entire Caspian Sea is a basin full of oil and natural gas, starting from Azerbaijan and continuing to the opposite shore in the territory of Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan. These deposits take on enormous importance because of the expected exhaustion of the deposits of Alaska and the North Sea by the year 2015.
Sept-11 hoax has greatly benefited the USA and its allies in controlling the energy resources of both West Asia and Middle/Central Asia. Thus, a major cause for the Sept-11 was to make the corrupt leaders of Central Asia to fall into CIA trap.
Russia plays havoc by mediating between them. From the 17th century, up to the very end of the 20th century, most of Central Asia has been part of the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union and of 2011, the region is still home to about 7 million Russians and 500 thousand Ukrainians,who migrated to the region primarily on Kremlin orders.
America remains top most energy exploiter while Russia, the strongest of the former Soviet republics and major exporter of oil and gas - and of course terror goods - of the region demonstrates double standards in ties with former parts of of Soviet Union. One the one hand, it wants to control the former Soviet space from western influence and exploitation and on the other exploits the regimes and uses them as bargain chips with USA over its profitable trade abroad. Mocow attempts to sell resources of Central Asia on their behalf and get a major premium in profits. This way the Kremlin seeks to control both central Asia and western energy seekers.
Moscow still dreams about a the revival of Soviet system and Union by several arrangements. Among his election proposals, Putin “wants to bring ex-Soviet states into a Eurasian Union, on EU model, an expensive long-term project with no promise of becoming a cohesive single entity..’ Russia already initiated the Customs Union that includes Belarus and Kazakhstan, which is set to enlarge and create a framework for the Eurasian Union.
Since Russia also talks about more balanced foreign policy, Moscow's reduced activity in the region will be felt immediately.
Russian foreign policy appears to be chiefly dominated and contested by two ideologically opposed camps, one inclined toward fostering closer relationship with the West, the other with a Eurasian outlook aimed reinstating Russia's dominion in the former Soviet republics. While Russia's grip on Central Asia substantially declined throughout the 1990s, other powers were quick to consolidate their regional presence.
During the largest Russian protests since the Soviet Union’s fall 20 years ago, dissidents demanded Mr. Putin’s resignation and an election rerun. One demonstrator stated, “We don’t want another revolution, or bloodshed, but if Putin is going to win then there may be a ‘Russian Spring’—not an Arab Spring but a Russian one.” The various liberal, nationalist and leftist groups that took part appear united only by their desire to see ‘Russia without Putin,’ a popular chant.”’’
A top energy hungry state China will need to have continued access to energy resources, and Central Asia will increasingly become one of China's major suppliers.
The US A “officially” entered Central Asia establishing its first military base in the Kyrgyz Republic which is being used a bargain chip by Moscow by asking USA to its closure on several occasions. USA overstays in Kyrgyzstan terror base because of US's energy interests, though it bluffs about Afghanistan being the only cause. .
China, which hopes to become the largest economy by 2050, has since the advent of Putin’s assertive politics, conducted a cautious diplomacy in the region so as not to appear to be explicitly challenging Russia's traditional presence. However, Beijing has used the SCO (Shanghai Cooperation Organization) to strengthen its position Central Asia.
Central Asia seems to be one of the main power struggle arenas between USA and Russia. China views peace in Central Asia as of direct relevance to stability in China's troubled Xinxiang province of Muslims and is eager to sue the leaders to help keep the Xinxiang region within China. Here even Russia, struggling to retain Muslim republics with Russian federation, has got a common platform. Russia, however, in contrast has backed separatism in places such as Georgia and Moldova.
د. عبد راف
Dr. Abdul Ruff, Specialist on State Terrorism; Educationalist;Chancellor-Founder of Centor for International Affairs(CIA); Independent Analyst;Chronicler of Foreign occupations & Freedom movements(Palestine,Kashmir, Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Xinjiang, Chechnya, etc); Anti-Muslimism and anti-Islamism are more dangerous than "terrorism" Anti-Islamic forces & terrorists are using criminal elements for terrorizing the world and they in disguise are harming genuine interests of ordinary Muslims. Global media today, even in Muslim nations, are controlled by CIA & other anti-Islamic agencies. Former university Teacher;/website:abdulruff.wordpress.com/ 91-9961868309/91-9961868309