// Rising Turkey: Have Turks lost Ottoman nostalgia? (Part-I)
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« on: Nov 05, 2012 05:10 PM »




Rising Turkey: Have Turks lost Ottoman nostalgia? (Part-I)

 -By DR. ABDUL RUFF

[Dr. Abdul Ruff, Specialist on State Terrorism;Chancellor-Founder of Centor for International Affairs(CIA); Independent Analyst;Chronicler of Foreign occupations & Freedom movements(Palestine,Kashmir, Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Xinjiang, Chechnya, etc.) Former university Teacher; website: abdulruff.wordpress.com/write: abdulruff_jnu@yahoo.com. Call: (91)9349537946 or (91)0/8129081217]

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Turkey’s Flourishing Culture

Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, founder of a new Turkey, infused, along with a new distinct political perspective, new ideals and goals into the nation, helping the people in rejuvenation of their lives and thinking which led to the new awakening among Turks which resulted in present day Islamic rule as an unexpected consequence. Interestingly, Islamists and other religion minded "conservatives" had been marginalized during the secular Cultural Revolution undertaken by Ataturk.

 

Now, as Turkey is emerging as a leader in the Middle East, buoyed by strong economic growth, a new fascination with history is being reflected in everything from foreign policy to facial hair. In the arts, framed examples of Ottoman-era designs, known as Ebru and associated with the geometric Islamic motifs adorning mosques, have gained in popularity among the country’s growing Islamic bourgeoisie, adorning walls of homes and offices, jewelry and even business cards.

The Ottoman period, particularly during the 16th and 17th centuries, was marked by geopolitical dominance and cultural prowess, during which the sultans claimed the spiritual leadership of the Muslim world, before the empire’s slow decline culminated in World War I. For years the period was underplayed in the history taught to schoolchildren, as the new Turkish Republic created by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk in 1923 sought to break with a decadent past.

Last year Turkey was Europe’s largest exporter of soap operas, pocketing $70 million in revenues. But it is at home that the series and films are having a profound impact, educating a new generation of Turks.

Those worried about the rise of Turkey in Europe and beyond noted that the advent of big-budget television shows and films depicting the Ottoman era owed something to the country’s popularity in the Arab world, which was bringing in new revenues for production companies.

A shining or golden past of any nation, more so an empire, has always been the cause of worry for many nations, like, for instance, Russia or Turkey.

At times, nostalgia kills people. For quite some time now, Russians have been, especially under the dictatorial Putin regime, dreaming of returning to the Soviet era fame, totalitarianism and cold war.

It looks Turkey has a mild nostalgia of revisiting its cultural past of the old Ottoman Empire. As part of its resurgent canvas, the regime in Istanbul is also presenting its glorious past in cultural domain by recreating it.   Films like ‘Conquest 1453’ are engaging in cultural revisionism and glorifying the past to inspire the people to revive the old culture as well. However, it is also necessary to look at history in a critical way so as to further enrich the rich cultural traditions.

In the past few years there has been a proliferation of Ottoman-themed soap operas, none more popular than “The Magnificent Century”.  This Turkish show chronicles the intrigues of the imperial household and harem, including the rise of Suleiman’s slave girl-turned-queen, Hurrem.  So stirred was a crowd at a recent screening of “Conquest 1453” that it roared “God is Great!” as the sword-wielding Ottomans scaled Istanbul’s forbidden walls.

A three-year-old Panorama Museum, which showcases an imposing 45-foot-tall painting of the siege of Constantinople, is drawing huge crowds for months now. The empire’s rehabilitation has inspired mixed feelings among cultural critics. “The Ottoman revival is good for the national ego and has captured the psyche of the country at this moment, when Turkey wants to be a great power.

Turks are proud about the past conquest because it not only changed our history but it also changed the world. The Prophet Muhammad (SAS) had predicted that Constantinople would be conquered by believers and that came true. 

 

Western strategists are deeply concerned that Turkey which is not allowed to enter the EU as a prominent European power, has now has increasingly turned its back on the crisis-ridden Europe and instead looks increasingly eastward towards, playing very important role in Mideast.  They argue that for the first time they are seeing this “new Islamic bourgeoisie, its tastes and its mores, reflected on the small and big screens”.

 

 


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د. عبد راف



Terrorism is caused by anti-Islamic forces. Fake democracies like USA and India have zero-tolerance to any criticism of their anti-Muslim and other aggressive practices. Anti-Muslimism and anti-Islamism are more dangerous than "terrorism" Anti-Islamic forces & terrorists are using criminal elements for terrorizing the world and they in disguise are harming genuine interests of ordinary Muslims.  Global media today, even in Muslim nations, are controlled by CIA  & other anti-Islamic agencies.

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« Reply #1 on: Nov 06, 2012 01:11 AM »

Rising Turkey: Have Turks lost Ottoman nostalgia? (Part-II)
 -By DR. ABDUL RUFF
[Dr. Abdul Ruff, Specialist on State Terrorism;Chancellor-Founder of Centor for International Affairs(CIA); Independent Analyst;Chronicler of Foreign occupations & Freedom movements(Palestine,Kashmir, Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Xinjiang, Chechnya, etc.) Former university Teacher; website: abdulruff.wordpress.com/write: abdulruff_jnu@yahoo.com. Call: (91)9349537946 or (91)0/8129081217]
__________
Cultural Roots
Turkey's location at the crossroads of Europe and Asia makes it a country of significant geostrategic and cultural importance. During the first years of the republic, the government invested a large amount of resources into fine arts; such as museums, theatres, opera houses and architecture. Diverse historical factors play important roles in defining the modern Turkish identity. Turkish culture is a product of efforts to be a "modern" Western state, while maintaining traditional religious and historical values.  The mix of cultural influences is dramatized, for example, in the form of the "new symbols of the clash and interlacing of cultures" enacted in the works of Orhan Pamuk, recipient of the 2006 Nobel Prize in Literature.

Turkey is a Eurasian republic in southwest Asia and southeast Europe between the Mediterranean and the Black seas. Population: 71,200,000. The region was dominated by many ancient civilizations and peoples, among them the Hittites (1800 BC), the Greeks (8th century BC), and the Persians (6th century BC), and in AD 395 it became part of the Byzantine Empire. The area was conquered by the Ottoman Turks between the 13th and 15th centuries and remained the core of the Ottoman Empire for more than 600 years. Its modern history dates to the rise of the Young Turks (after 1908) and the collapse of the empire in 1918. Under the leadership of Kemal Atatürk, a republic was proclaimed in 1923. Ankara is the capital and Istanbul the largest city.
 
On the collapse of the Ottoman Empire in 1918, the Young Turks, led by Kemal Ataturk, established a republic in 1923. The unsuccessful campaign in World War I (1915) by the English and French known as Dardanelles campaign to open a passage for aid to Russia; defeated by the Turks. After the Ottoman Empire collapsed following its defeat in World War I, parts of it were occupied by the victorious Allies. A cadre of young military officers, led by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and his colleagues, organized a successful resistance to the Allies; in 1923, they would establish the modern Republic of Turkey with Atatürk as its first president.
 
Turkey is a democratic, secular, unitary, constitutional republic with a diverse cultural heritage. Turkey has become increasingly integrated with the West through membership in organisations such as the Council of Europe, NATO, OECD, OSCE and the G-20 major economies. In addition to its strategic location, Turkey's growing economy and diplomatic initiatives have led to its recognition as a regional power in the Middle East.
 
Turkey has also fostered close cultural, political, economic and industrial relations with the Middle East, the Turkic states of Central Asia and the African countries through membership in organisations such as the Turkic Council, Joint Administration of Turkic Arts and Culture, Organization of Islamic Cooperation and the Economic Cooperation Organisation.
 
Turkey has a very diverse culture that is a blend of various elements of the Oğuz Turkic, Anatolian, Ottoman (which was itself a continuation of both Greco-Roman and Islamic cultures) and Western culture and traditions, which started with the Westernization of the Ottoman Empire and still continues today.
 
Turkish music and literature form great examples of such a mix of cultural influences, which were a result of the interaction between the Ottoman Empire and the Islamic world along with Europe, thus contributing to a blend of Turkic, Islamic and European traditions in modern-day Turkish music and literary arts. Architecture found in Turkey is also the testament to the unique mix of traditions that have influenced the region over the centuries. In addition to the traditional Byzantine elements present in numerous parts of Turkey, many artifacts of the later Ottoman architecture, with its exquisite blend of local and Islamic traditions, are to be found throughout the country, as well as in many former territories of the Ottoman Empire. Mimar Sinan is widely regarded as the greatest architect of the classical period in Ottoman architecture. Since the 18th century, Turkish architecture has been increasingly influenced by Western styles, and this can be particularly seen in Istanbul where buildings like Dolmabahçe and Çırağan Palaces are juxtaposed next to numerous modern skyscrapers, all of them representing different traditions.
Rising Turkey: Have Turks lost Ottoman nostalgia? (Part-II)
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« Reply #2 on: Nov 06, 2012 04:49 AM »


Rising Turkey: Have Turks lost Ottoman nostalgia? (Part-III)

 -By DR. ABDUL RUFF

---------------

Turkey’s Islamic Project & EU Blockade

Turkey wants to enhance its position as a regional power and signal to Europe how important it is to the West as a bridge to the Islamic, Arab world. This twin strategy has already yielded fruits.  While, Istanbul has really accelerated its diplomatic drive into Mideast, it is unable to contain the anti-Islam rhetoric and laws in Europe of which it is a part.  The chief cause for EU reluctance to accept turkey as a legitimate member is Islam.

 

As it is known, Islam is the dominant religion of Turkey; it exceeds 99%. The Turks have already established an Islamic system by step by step method and have lenience mainly to Islam without affecting Turkey’s secular basis. Besides Islam being the official religion of Turkey in predominantly anti-Islamic Europe, the dispute over Cyprus, divided since a Turkish invasion in 1974 triggered by a brief Greek-inspired coup, is another major stated obstacle to Turkey's accession to the EU. Turkey formally applied to join the club in 1987 and negotiations began seven years ago, but there has been no progress since mid-2010.

In line with its traditional Western orientation, the relations with Europe have always been a central part of Turkish foreign policy. Turkey became a founding member of the Council of Europe in 1949 and has been in formal accession negotiations with the EU since 2005.

The Islamic country is refocusing and trying to boost its influence in the Muslim world. However, against that backdrop of Ankara’s strive to supremacy the Syria conflict represents a special challenge. By citing the continuing flight of refugees from Syria into Turkey, Istanbul has firmly positioned itself on the side of the rebels in the neighbouring country and is demanding a tougher approach against the Assad regime by the notorious UNSC-NATO combine, the so-called “international community”.

 

European anti-Islam voyage opted deliberately by EU with anti-Islamic laws and practices enacted, Turkey takes the Islamic route more firmly which is in turn used by EU stalwarts to delay the EU entry process.  Germany is one of those states that do not openly object to Turkey entry into EU. At the opening of the new Turkish Embassy in Berlin, Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan said it was a mistake on EU part to allow "South Cyprus" into the European Union, while ignoring Turkey’s long pending a request for that. German chancellor Angela Merkel is wise enough not to contradict his sincere opinion in public.

Turkey premier Recep Tayyip Erdogan was on an official visit to Germany recently and he said regretted the lack of progress on Turkey’s legitimate EU bid. He made plain how honest he thought Europe was being with Turkey at a conference on Europe when he accused the EU of engaging in delaying tactics. Asked if Turkey would become a full member of the EU by 2023, he said: "They won't keep us waiting that long, will they?" If they did, he added, "then the EU will lose, at least it will lose Turkey." It is an obvious warning to Europe's fanatic leaders. German Chancellor Merkel assured him the EU talks on Turkey would be "honest.'

 

Going by its policy decisions and practices, Istanbul genuinely seeks an enemy free environment. Turkey has reservation about the fate of 3 million people of Turkish origin living in Germany and on their integration. Germany and Turkey leaders stressed their close and friendly ties, but there was no evidence of great warmth between Merkel and Erdogan. Erdogan diplomatically thanked Merkel for the support and avoided any harsh rhetoric -- an obvious attempt to ensure that good appearances were preserved in Berlin.

Unlike weak Muslim nations like Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, etc, Turkey is now a strong nation for the first time since the WW-I when Ottoman Empire collapsed as it was destroyed by the Western-Russian powers though hidden strategies.

The Turkish diplomacy as well as economy is continuing to boom and Erdogan and his pro-Islamic AKP party feels too strong and self-confident to wait for the Europeans. The main 100 index of the Istanbul Stock Exchange (İMKB) hit a historic high yesterday at 71.717 points, surpassing the Nov. 9, 2010 record, after a two-week long climb unaffected by a nearly one-week-long public holiday. A relatively positive report by international credit agency Moody’s triggered the nearly 1.5 percent climb from Oct. 25, the day the bourse was closed before the Eid al-Adha, or Feast of the Sacrifice, holiday.

EU or no EU, Istanbul would establish as a formidable Muslim nation to lead Islamic world with its open Islamic agenda.

Observation

Clearly, Turkey’s eagerness to join the EU evaporated a long time ago as more and more Turks now hate EU as a fanatic outfit. In reality, EU needs Turkey more the other way round.

Turkey will further strengthen Islamic roots in the society by helping the people to seriously imbibe Islamic values. Muslims must get rid of hypocrisy!

More than Turkey or USA, the EU should ensure the presence of Turkey in EU for strengthening the Euro. As far as Turkey’s emerging position on EU membership is concerned, it is therefore obvious: With Turkey being outside EU, Europe stands to lose. And not Turkey - the former Ottoman Empire!

It seems non-Muslims in Europe do not want, rather oppose, coexistence of Islam and European civilization and they therefore want Turkey out of EU. Some European nations like Britain, France and others have imposed ban on Islamic faith in certain domains.  Several EU stalwarts accused Turkey and it’s the prime minister of pushing the country in the direction of further Islamization.

Why are scared of Islam which came into existence to guide and humanize humanity?

 -------

د. عبد راف



Terrorism is caused by anti-Islamic forces. Fake democracies like USA and India have zero-tolerance to any criticism of their anti-Muslim and other aggressive practices. Anti-Muslimism and anti-Islamism are more dangerous than "terrorism" Anti-Islamic forces & terrorists are using criminal elements for terrorizing the world and they in disguise are harming genuine interests of ordinary Muslims.  Global media today, even in Muslim nations, are controlled by CIA  & other anti-Islamic agencies.
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